Virtual Dental Patient: How Long Until It’s Here?
Purpose of Review
Recent developments in digital technology to be generated by superimposing different 3D imaging datasets. The aim of this literature review was to provide an update on the current status of knowledge, to report on the progress in virtual patient science, and to identify further research needed to facilitate the translation to clinical practice.
Case reports were identified describing different dental patient simulation techniques. Publications focused mainly on methodological feasibility of combining skeletal, facial, and dental imaging to produce virtual simulations. Clinical randomized controlled trials were scarce.
Superimposition of 3D medical data files is a feasible technique to create a virtual patient under static conditions. 3D image fusion is of interest and importance in all fields of dental medicine including diagnostics, treatment, science, and education. Future research should focus on simplifying the technology, to enable virtual patient simulation to be generated in a single-step approach.
KeywordsComputer-assisted image processing Three-dimensional imaging Patient simulation Digital dental medicine Superimposition technique Image fusion
Compliance with Ethics Standards
Conflict of Interest
Stefan Wolfart reports grants, personal fees, and non-financial support from Camlog Foundation, personal fees and non-financial support from Camlog, grants, personal fees, and non-financial support from Straumann, personal fees and non-financial support from ITI (International Team for Implantology), grants and non-financial support from Ivoclar Vivadent, grants from 3M Espe, outside the submitted work. Sven Reich reports grants, personal fees, and non-financial support from 3M Oral Care, Dentsply Sirona, and Ivoclar Vivadent, and personal fees and non-financial from Camlog, Camlog foundation, Digital Dental Academy, pluradent, Straumann and public scientific organizations (e.g.: DGCZ, DGI). The other authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance
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