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Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 70–77 | Cite as

Challenges in the Eradication of Enterococcus faecalis and its Implications on Health

  • Eyal RosenEmail author
  • Ilana Kolodkin-Gal
  • Igor Tsesis
Microbiology (M Klein, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Microbiology

Abstract

Enterococcus faecalis is frequently found in infected root canals of teeth with persistent apical periodontitis.

Purpose

To review the challenges involved in the eradication of persistent Enterococcus faecalis infections and their impact on human health.

Recent Findings

In the root canal system, Enterococcus faecalis resides in biofilm communities that are able to resist a wide range of harsh conditions and treatments and persist for years. Various virulence and resistance factors provide Enterococcus faecalis capabilities in adherence, colonization, and biofilm formation, which is much more resistant to antibacterial agents than planktonic bacteria. These capabilities explain its persistence in root canal infections. To date, the available therapeutic tools to efficiently eradicate Enterococcus faecalis infections remain limited. Recently, in a model mimicking Enterococcus faecalis root canal infection, novel biofilm inhibitors and dispersing agents, such as D-Leucine, presented superior capability over sodium hypochlorite, the frequently used root-canal antibacterial irrigation solution, in the eradication of Enterococcus faecalis.

Summary

These recent studies present promising treatment regimens for Enterococcus faecalis persistent infections.

Keywords

Enterococcus faecalis Biofilm Root canal Eradication Health implications 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Endodontology, Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Molecular GeneticsWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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