Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 63–69 | Cite as

Periodontitis and Respiratory Diseases: What Does the Recent Evidence Point to?

  • Jananni MuthuEmail author
  • Sivaramakrishnan Muthanandam
Systemic Diseases (N Buduneli, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Systemic Diseases


Purpose of the Paper

There is an increase in focus of research to find the relationship between periodontal diseases and systemic illnesses, in particular respiratory diseases. Though numerous literatures have been published to assess the link, the nature of relationship between the two diseases is still unclear. Periodontal diseases and respiratory diseases share a common pathogenesis and risk factors. Periodontal diseases and respiratory diseases including bronchial asthma have an inflammatory nature thus mandate a positive correlation between these. Understanding the relationship can help development of more focused preventive and treatment measures.

Recent Findings and Summary

The available link suggests that there could be independent association between periodontitis and respiratory diseases. However, more structured studies are needed to establish the causal relationship between the two entities. The link is stronger between nosocomial and ventilator-associated pneumonia and is stronger than for chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.


Periodontitis COPD Pneumonia Oral care Review 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance ••Of major importance

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PeriodontologyIndira Gandhi Institute of Dental SciencesPondicherryIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral Pathology & MicrobiologyIndira Gandhi Institute of Dental SciencesPondicherryIndia

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