Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 319–327 | Cite as

Current Developments in 3D Printing for Craniofacial Regeneration

  • Cedryck Vaquette
  • Peter Mark Bartold
  • Saso IvanovskiEmail author
Orodental Regenerative Medicine (M Bartold, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Orodental Regenerative Medicine


Three dimensional printing, or additive manufacturing, allows the production of customized scaffolds that can enhance craniofacial reconstruction and regeneration. It can be achieved by several techniques, including selective laser sintering, electron beam melting, fused deposition melting, fused filament fabrication, as well as extrusion and laser-assisted bioprinting of cells. 3D-printed constructs can take the form of nonresorbable solid form prosthesis or porous degradable scaffolds that can be resorbed over time and replaced by native tissues. The later can be considered the more desirable outcome but it is also more challenging to achieve. 3D-printed constructs have been used in a variety of oro-dental and craniofacial applications, including vertical bone augmentation, mandibular, and skull defect reconstruction, periodontal regeneration, and temporomandibular joint replacement. Although considerable advancements have been made, challenges remain in translating this technology to the clinic, especially in producing customized, porous, and inter-connected scaffolds for the regeneration of complex multiphasic tissues of varying dimensions ranging from a few millimeters to several centimeters.


Craniofacial Additive manufacturing Tissue engineering 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Peter Mark Bartold and Saso Ivanovski declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Cedryck Vaquette reports grants from QUT during the conduct of study.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cedryck Vaquette
    • 1
  • Peter Mark Bartold
    • 2
  • Saso Ivanovski
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Queensland University of Technology (QUT)BrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Colgate Australian Clinical, Dental Research Centre, Dental SchoolUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.School of Dentistry and Oral HealthGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  4. 4.Menzies Health Institute QueenslandGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia

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