Current Oral Health Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 187–192 | Cite as

SBIRT-Based Interventions to Improve Pediatric Oral Health Behaviors and Outcomes: Considerations for Future Behavioral SBIRT Interventions in Dentistry

  • Josué Cuevas
  • Donald L. ChiEmail author
Dental Public Health (R Collins, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Dental Public Health


Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children and is caused by poor oral health behaviors. These behaviors include high-sugar diet, inadequate exposure to topical fluorides, and irregular use of professional dental care services. A number of behavioral intervention approaches have been used to modify health behaviors. One example is based on the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, which has been widely used to reduce substance abuse in both adults and children. SBIRT is a promising behavior change approach that could similarly be used to address problematic oral health behaviors. In this paper, we will review oral health studies that have adopted SBIRT components, assess if these interventions improved oral health behaviors and outcomes, and outline considerations for researchers interested in developing and testing future oral health-related interventions in dentistry using a SBIRT approach.


Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Behavior change Dental caries Randomized controlled trials Motivational interviewing (MI) Behavioral determinants of oral health 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Josué Cuevas and Donald L. Chi declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public HealthUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Oral Health Sciences, School of DentistryUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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