Cis-acting regulatory elements: from random screening to quantitative design
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The cis-acting regulatory elements, e.g., promoters and ribosome binding sites (RBSs) with various desired properties, are building blocks widely used in synthetic biology for fine tuning gene expression. In the last decade, acquisition of a controllable regulatory element from a random library has been established and applied to control the protein expression and metabolic flux in different chassis cells. However, more rational strategies are still urgently needed to improve the efficiency and reduce the laborious screening and multifaceted characterizations. Building precise computational models that can predict the activity of regulatory elements and quantitatively design elements with desired strength have been demonstrated tremendous potentiality. Here, recent progress on construction of cisacting regulatory element library and the quantitative predicting models for design of such elements are reviewed and discussed in detail.
Keywordscis-acting regulatory element quantitative design synthetic biology random mutation modeling
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