Skin cancer: findings and role of high-resolution ultrasound
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Currently available high-resolution transducers allow a detailed ultrasound (US) assessment of skin tumors. US complements clinical examination, dermoscopy, and biopsy in the initial differential diagnosis, surgical planning, locoregional staging, and follow-up of patients with skin malignancies. It is important for dermatologists, skin surgeons, and US operators to be aware of the US imaging findings and to recognize the clinical scenarios where imaging is indicated in the management of skin cancer. The purpose of this review article is to address the most common indications for US in skin oncology and to provide a comprehensive guide to the gray-scale and color-Doppler findings in cutaneous malignant tumors.
KeywordsSkin ultrasound Dermatology ultrasound Skin tumors Soft tissues Melanoma
Basal cell carcinoma
Merkel cell carcinoma
Primary cutaneous lymphoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
The authors are grateful to Alessandra Trocino, librarian at the National Cancer Institute Fondazione Pascale of Naples, Italy, for the bibliographic assistance.
The authors declare that they did not receive any funding for this study.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This is a review article. The images included are from current clinical practice. Anyway, all procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
This is a review article. The images included are from current clinical practice. For retrospective chart reviews, the authors obtained the consent requirement to be waived.
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