Current Tropical Medicine Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 204–210 | Cite as

Advantages of Breastfeeding During Acute Infections: What The Evidence Says

  • Mónica EspósitoEmail author
  • Juan Pablo Córdoba
Metabolism in Tropical Health (K Schlosser, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Metabolism in Tropical Health


Purpose of Review

Breastfeeding has been studied for its multiple benefits to both, the infant and the mother. This review aims to expose the benefits of breastfeeding during acute infections, the main cause of morbidity in infants.

Recent Findings

Breastfeeding has the ability to modify the infant’s microbiome, and consequently its immune system. It also protects against viral infections mainly due to oligosaccharides. The longer the duration of breastfeeding, the greater the benefits (benefits have been observed up to 4 years after).


It has been shown that breastfeeding provides greater benefits when received directly from the breast than from a bottle (expressed breast milk) probably due to the consequences of its handling, and if it is offered exclusively for a minimum of 6 months. Breastfeeding prevents respiratory diseases like asthma, allergies, and syncytial virus infection. It also decreases diarrheas risk and protects against otitis media.


Breastfeeding Infant’s acute infection disease Breast milk Benefits of breastfeeding Acute respiratory infections Diarrhea 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Francisco MarroquinCiudad de GuatemalaGuatemala

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