Non-Behavioral and Non-Medical Psychosocial Interventions in Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities
Purpose of Review
To review non-behavioral and non-medical psychosocial therapies for individuals with intellectual disabilities to identify if any such approaches are effective.
There are more randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews, and meta-analyses than in the past; however, most RCTs are of poor quality.
Most research treatments such as cognitive behavior therapy and diagnoses such as depression and anger. There is limited research on other forms of psychotherapy and other diagnoses. Future research needs to include high quality RCTs of psychosocial treatments for common, socially significant problems.
KeywordsIntellectual disabilities Psychological therapies Depression Anxiety Cognitive behavior therapy Systematic review
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Peter Sturmey received book royalties, speaker, and consultation fees related to this topic.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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