Sleep and ADHD: A review article

  • Tejas R. MehtaEmail author
  • Puja Gurung
  • Yash Nene
  • Muniba Fayyaz
  • Pradeep C. Bollu
ADHD (G Kulkarni, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on ADHD


Purpose of Review

ADHD which is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder affecting cognitive and behavioral domains of the person affected has also been known to be associated with sleep problems as a comorbidity.

Recent Findings

Sleep disorders including sleep-disordered breathing, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy, insomnia, and hypersomnia have been known to have an intertwined relationship. On the other hand, changes in sleep pattern have also been reported to affect the domains that are affected in ADHD. Medications used to treat ADHD have also been known to affect sleep in these patients.


This review article summarizes the complicated relationship that ADHD, sleep, and medications used to manage ADHD share. The cause and effect association should be assessed by clinical trials and animal studies to have a more clear picture.


ADHD Sleep Narcolepsy Medications Disordered breathing 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tejas R. Mehta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Puja Gurung
    • 2
  • Yash Nene
    • 1
  • Muniba Fayyaz
    • 1
  • Pradeep C. Bollu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sleep MedicineUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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