Sleep and ADHD: A review article
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Purpose of Review
ADHD which is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder affecting cognitive and behavioral domains of the person affected has also been known to be associated with sleep problems as a comorbidity.
Sleep disorders including sleep-disordered breathing, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy, insomnia, and hypersomnia have been known to have an intertwined relationship. On the other hand, changes in sleep pattern have also been reported to affect the domains that are affected in ADHD. Medications used to treat ADHD have also been known to affect sleep in these patients.
This review article summarizes the complicated relationship that ADHD, sleep, and medications used to manage ADHD share. The cause and effect association should be assessed by clinical trials and animal studies to have a more clear picture.
KeywordsADHD Sleep Narcolepsy Medications Disordered breathing
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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