Physical Activity of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: Challenges and Future Directions
- 654 Downloads
Regular engagement in physical activity is one of the most powerful predictors of health. Individuals with intellectual disabilities engage in significantly less physical activity than the general population and experience significant health disparities. More research is required to quantify the appropriate amount of physical activity that is necessary for health, as well as how to accurately collect, analyze, and interpret physical activity data on people with intellectual disabilities. Physical activity promotion efforts are especially important in this sub-group of the population due to the far reaching benefits. More research is also needed on the most effective avenues and messaging to promote physical activity in individuals with disabilities.
KeywordsIntellectual disability Developmental disorders Physical activity Predictors of health Research Commentary
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Meghann Lloyd declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
- 1.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical activity and health: a report of the Surgeon General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Editor. Atlanta, GA; 1996.Google Scholar
- 2.World Health Organization, Global recommendations on physical activity for health. World Health Organization, 2010.Google Scholar
- 3.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy people 2010: understanding and improving health. 2nd ed. Washington, DC, 2000.Google Scholar
- 4.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Closing the gap: a national blueprint for improving the health of individuals with mental retardation. Surgeon General’s conference on health disparities and mental retardation. Rockville: Office of Surgeon General; 2002.Google Scholar
- 7.Lunsky Y, Klein-Geltink J, Yates E. Atlas on the primary care of adults with developmental disabilities in Ontario. Institute for clinical evaluative sciences and centre for addiction and mental health: Toronto, ON, 2013Google Scholar
- 27.Bremer E, Crozier M, Lloyd M. A systematic review of the behavioural outcomes following exercise interventions for children and youth with autism spectrum disorder. Autism 2016: p. 1–17.Google Scholar
- 31.Lloyd M, Macdonald M, Lord C. Motor skills of toddlers with autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 2011.Google Scholar
- 32.Bremer E, Balogh R, Lloyd M. Effectiveness of a fundamental motor skill intervention for 4-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study. Autism, 2014.Google Scholar
- 33.Block ME. Motor development in children with Down syndrome: a review of the literature. Adapt Phys Activ Q. 1991;8:179.Google Scholar
- 35.Special Olympics International, 2012 reach report. 2012, Special Olympics International.Google Scholar