Behavioral Neuroscience of Buying-Shopping Disorder: a Review
Purpose of Review
This paper provides a narrative review of recent neurocognitive, pharmacological, and genetic findings in buying-shopping disorder (BSD).
Preliminary evidence from experimental neuropsychological studies indicates BSD is associated with reward-seeking, cue-induced craving towards buying/shopping stimuli and disadvantageous decision making under ambiguous risk conditions that may be attributable to disrupted emotional feedback. BSD is not linked to deficits in general executive functioning. Psychopharmacological studies with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or opioid antagonists are all preliminary with small samples. There is a paucity of research examining if BSD is inherited.
BSD carries serious negative impact in important life domains and seems to reflect key components of disorders due to substance use or addictive behaviors. Future research should focus on neural circuits and genetics involved in BSD, classification and treatment development. There is a need for investigations concerning the relative contributions of psychosocial, neurocognitive, genetic, and physiological factors in BSD.
KeywordsBuying-shopping disorder Compulsive buying Behavioral addiction Craving Cue-reactivity
This work was financially supported by grants of the Universities Australia - Australia–Germany Joint Research Co-operation Scheme and the German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, DAAD, grant number 57387119).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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