Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 263–270 | Cite as

Behavioral Neuroscience of Buying-Shopping Disorder: a Review

  • Michael KyriosEmail author
  • Patrick Trotzke
  • Lee Lawrence
  • Daniel B. Fassnacht
  • Kathina Ali
  • Nora M. Laskowski
  • Astrid Müller
Addictions (M Potenza and M Brand, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Addictions


Purpose of Review

This paper provides a narrative review of recent neurocognitive, pharmacological, and genetic findings in buying-shopping disorder (BSD).

Recent Findings

Preliminary evidence from experimental neuropsychological studies indicates BSD is associated with reward-seeking, cue-induced craving towards buying/shopping stimuli and disadvantageous decision making under ambiguous risk conditions that may be attributable to disrupted emotional feedback. BSD is not linked to deficits in general executive functioning. Psychopharmacological studies with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or opioid antagonists are all preliminary with small samples. There is a paucity of research examining if BSD is inherited.


BSD carries serious negative impact in important life domains and seems to reflect key components of disorders due to substance use or addictive behaviors. Future research should focus on neural circuits and genetics involved in BSD, classification and treatment development. There is a need for investigations concerning the relative contributions of psychosocial, neurocognitive, genetic, and physiological factors in BSD.


Buying-shopping disorder Compulsive buying Behavioral addiction Craving Cue-reactivity 


Funding Information

This work was financially supported by grants of the Universities Australia - Australia–Germany Joint Research Co-operation Scheme and the German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, DAAD, grant number 57387119).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Kyrios
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patrick Trotzke
    • 2
  • Lee Lawrence
    • 3
  • Daniel B. Fassnacht
    • 4
  • Kathina Ali
    • 4
  • Nora M. Laskowski
    • 5
  • Astrid Müller
    • 5
  1. 1.College of Education, Psychology and Social WorkFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Department of General Psychology: Cognition, Center for Addiction Research (CeBAR)University Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany
  3. 3.Monash Business SchoolMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Research School of PsychologyThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Center for Addiction Research (CARe)Hannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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