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Performance of silver nanofluids with minimum quantity lubrication in turning on titanium: a phase to green manufacturing

Abstract

Nowadays industries are looking forward for a sustainable manufacturing. Nanofluid with minimum quantity lubrication is one technology in the areas of green manufacturing, which minimizes the pollution caused to the environments. The aim of this work was to examine the influence of silver nanoparticles-based cutting fluid with minimum quantity lubrication in turning on titanium (grade 2) by changing the environmental conditions. Taguchi’s L27 orthogonal array has been selected to execute the experimental trials. The responses considered are surface roughness, temperature and tool wear. The process parameters selected for this analysis were environment, cutting speed, feed and depth of cut. The principal component analysis was used to determine the optimal conditions in turning parameters. It was noticed that environment is the key parameter in defining the responses. Under optimal conditions, the surface roughness has been decreased by 89%, temperature has been reduced by 44% and wear on the tool has also been reduced. The tool wear and chip morphology were reviewed through scanning electron microscope for a complete study.

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Abbreviations

MQL:

Minimum quantity lubrication

PCA:

Principal component analysis

FL:

Flood lubrication

SEM:

Scanning electron microscope

AISI:

American Iron and Steel Institute

BUE:

Built-up edges

Al2O3 :

Aluminium oxide

Ti–6Al–4V:

Titanium alloys

AA:

Aluminium alloy

MoS2 :

Molybdenum disulphide

SiO2 :

Silicon dioxide

CuO:

Copper oxide

TiO2 :

Titanium dioxide

Ra:

Average surface roughness

S/N ratio:

Signal-to-noise ratio

µm:

Microns

W/mK:

Watt per metre kelvin

ANOVA:

Analysis of variance

MRPI:

Multiresponse performance index

PEV:

Proportion of explained variation

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This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

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Correspondence to V. Anandan.

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Anandan, V., Naresh Babu, M., Muthukrishnan, N. et al. Performance of silver nanofluids with minimum quantity lubrication in turning on titanium: a phase to green manufacturing. J Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 42, 198 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40430-020-02277-7

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Keywords

  • Nanofluids
  • Silver
  • Minimum quantity lubrication
  • Principal component analysis
  • Surface roughness