Prediction of erosive wear locations in centrifugal compressor using CFD simulation and comparison with experimental model

  • Mohit Biglarian
  • Morsal MomeniLarimiEmail author
  • Babak Ganji
  • Ali Ranjbar
Technical Paper


Erosive wear is one of the efficiency reduction causes in centrifugal compressors. The presence of suspended solid particles in the fluid causes deformations in different parts of the compressor, especially blades of the impeller. Therefore, erosion not only decreases the part lifetime by destruction of blades form, but also increases energy losses. For this reason, specifying the erosion locations and choosing a suitable material have an important effect on optimum functionality of the machine. In this paper, erosion locations of a compressor impeller by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in high temperature and pressure are attained and compared with experimental model. The Eulerian–Lagrangian approach is used in fluid simulation and particles tracing. Due to the low level of solid particles volume concentration, the one-way coupling is applied. As a result, effect of solid on fluid is negligible. CFD results show that high erosion rate occurs at impeller eye and blade roots and are in a good agreement with experimental model. The results in this paper indicate that Finnie model is a reliable model for simulation and numerical investigation of compressors with such similar working condition and has excellent accuracy in prediction of erosion wear region.


Erosive wear Computational fluid dynamics Finite volume model Centrifugal compressor 



The authors appreciate TurbineMachine m.e. Group in Iran to provide them with suitable facilities to conduct the present study and to support them financially and spiritually. The company was established in 2002 with the main aim of optimizing and improving industrial systems, engineering solutions and researches in field of energy resources.


  1. 1.
    Siebel E, Brockstedt HC (1941) Verschleissminderung. Maschinenbau 20:457Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wellinger K, Brockstedt HC (1942) Gluckauf 78:130Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bergeron P (1950) Similitude of wear caused by liquids carrying solids in suspension (Application to centrifugaI pump runners), La Houille Blanche, N° spécial B, pp 716-729Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Finnie I (1940) Erosion of surfaces by solid particles. Wear 3:87–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meng HC, Ludema KC (1995) Wear models and predictive equations: their form and content. Wear 181–183(Part 2):443–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weetman RJ (1998) Computer simulation helps increase life of impeller in alumina hydrate precipitation from 2 to 8 years. J Mater Eng Perform 7:491–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu B, Jiangang Z, Jianhua Q (2017) Numerical analysis of cavitation erosion and particle erosion in butterfly valve. Eng Fail Anal 80:312–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ryan D, Hamill GA, Johnston HT (2013) Determining propeller induced erosion alongside quay walls in harbours using Artificial Neural Networks. Ocean Eng 59:142–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yaobao Y, Jiayang Y, Shengrong G (2017) Numerical study of solid particle erosion in hydraulic spool valves. Wear 392–393:174–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hu HX, Zheng YG (2017) the effect of sand particle concentrations on the vibratory cavitation erosion. Wear 384–385:95–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhao J, Zhang G, Xu Y, Wang R, Zhou W, Yang D (2018) Experimental and theoretical evaluation of solid particle erosion in an internal low passage within a drilling bit. J Pet Sci Eng 160:582–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Aponte RD, Teran LA, Ladino JA, Larrahondo F, Coronado JJ, Rodríguez SA (2017) Computational study of the particle size effect on a jet erosion wear device. Wear 374–375:97–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zamani M, Seddighi S, Nazif HR (2017) Erosion of natural gas elbows due to rotating particles in turbulent gas–solid flow. J Nat Gas Sci Eng 40:91–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tilly GP, Sage W (1970) The interaction of particle and material behavior in erosion processes. Wear 16:447–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tilly GP (1969) Sand erosion of metals and plastics, a brief review. Wear 14:241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohit Biglarian
    • 1
  • Morsal MomeniLarimi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Babak Ganji
    • 3
  • Ali Ranjbar
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran
  3. 3.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations