A magnetorheological hydrostatic guideway system for machining vibration control

  • Chengpei LiuEmail author
  • Junping Hu
Technical Paper


A novel magnetorheological (MR) hydrostatic guideway system for control of machining vibration is proposed. After the analysis of the relationship between correlation parameters and working variables, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is presented. With this model incorporated into the commercial code FLUENT, a numerical study on performance parameters of MR hydrostatic guideway system is carried out efficiently. Static stiffness and damping coefficients are calculated by using dynamic mesh technique based on perturbation theory. Analysis on dynamic behaviors of the MR hydrostatic guideway under the action of machining force is performed. An experimental study has been undertaken in order to validate the accuracy of the numerical model. It is observed that working variables (magnetic flux density, initial pressure ratio and load ratio) have significant effects on the performance characteristics (flow rate, frictional force, stiffness and damping) of the system. Optimal static stiffness and high damping can be expected simultaneously. Dynamic stiffness of the system can be improved and vibration caused by machining force can be reduced remarkably by increasing magnetic flux density. It is effective to control machining vibration by applying MR hydrostatic guideway system.


Hydrostatic guideway Magnetorheological fluids Machining vibration Magnetic flux density Performance characteristics 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51175518 and 51705147).


  1. 1.
    Wang Z, Zhao W, Chen Y, Lu B (2013) Prediction of the effect of speed on motion errors in hydrostatic guideways. Int J Mach Tool Manuf 64(11):78–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yu C, Huang X, Fang C (2012) Research on dynamic characteristics of NC rotary table considering leakage factors of its hydrostatic guideway. Proc Inst Mech Eng C-J Mech 226(11):2674–2685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zha J, Lv D, Jia Q, Chen Y (2016) Motion straightness of hydrostatic guideways considering the ratio of pad center spacing to guide rail profile error wavelength. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 82(9–12):2065–2073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Xue F, Zhao W, Chen Y, Wang Z (2012) Research on error averaging effect of hydrostatic guideways. Precis Eng 36(1):84–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang G, Dong H, Guo Y, Ke Y (2017) Chatter mechanism and stability analysis of robotic boring. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91:411–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Turkes E, Orak S, Neseli S, Sahin M, Selvi S (2017) Modelling of dynamic cutting force coefficients and chatter stability dependent on shear angle oscillation. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 91:679–686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu Z, Ma S, Cai L, Guo T, Zhao Y (2012) Timoshenko beam-based stability and natural frequency analysis for heavy load mechanical spindles. J Mech Sci Technol 26(11):3375–3388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baev AR, Korobko EV, Novikava ZA (2015) Acoustical properties of magnetorheological fluids under applied magnetic field. J Intel Mater Syst Struct 26(14):1913–1919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bouzidance A, Thomas M (2008) An electrorheological hydrostatic journal bearing for controlling rotor vibration. Comput Struct 86(3–5):463–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vicente JD, Klingenberg DJ, Alvarez RH (2011) Magneto-rheological fluid: a review. Soft Matter 7(8):3701–3710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang Y, Li H, Kang BS (2007) Analysis of magnetorheological fluid damper. J Cent South Univ Technol 14(1):263–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhu C (2005) A disk-type magneto-rheological fluid damper for rotor system vibration control. J Sound Vib 283(3–5):1051–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hesselbach J, Abel-keilhack C (2003) Active hydrostatic bearing with magnetorheological fluid. J Appl Phys 93(10):8441–8443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bompos DA, Nikolakopoulos PG (2011) CFD simulation of magnetorheological fluid journal bearings. Simul Model Pract Theory 19(4):1035–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Osman TA, Nada GS, Safar ZS (2001) Static and dynamic characteristics of magnetized journal bearings lubricated with ferrofluid. Tribol Int 34(6):369–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Collette C, Kroll G, Saive G (2010) On magnetorheological elastomers for vibration isolation, damping, and stress reduction in mass-varying structures. J Intel Mater Syst Struct 21(15):1463–1469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sinhasan R, Sah PL (1996) Static and dynamic performance characteristics of an orifice compensated hydrostatic journal bearing with non-Newtonian lubricants. Tribol Int 29(6):515–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yuan L, Sun S, Pan Z (2019) Mode coupling chatter suppression for robotic machining using semi-active magnetorheological elastomers absorber. Mech Syst Signal Process 117:221–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sun S, Deng H, Yang J (2015) An adaptive tuned vibration absorber based on multilayered MR elastomers. Smart Mater Struct 24(4):045045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ye H, Zheng X, Shen J (2012) Dynamic modeling and analysis of axial vibration of the hydrostatic slide turntable. Eng Mech 29(3):218–225Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Xiong W, Hou Z, Lv L (2012) Method for calculating stiffness and damping coefficients for hybrid bearings based on dynamic mesh model. Chin J Mech Eng Ch 48(23):118–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chen D, Fan J, Zhang F (2012) Dynamic and static characteristics of a hydrostatic spindle for machine tools. J Manuf Syst 31(1):26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Du Y, Mao K, Zhu Y (2015) Dynamic modeling of hydrostatic guideway considering compressibility and inertial effect [J]. Front Mech Eng 10(1):78–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hu ZD, Yan H, Qiu HZ (2012) Friction and wear of magnetorheological fluid under magnetic field. Wear 278–279(10):48–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chen Y (1980) Principle and design of the hydrostatic bearing. National Defense Industry Press, Beijing, pp 243–273Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gertzos KP, Nikolakopoulos PG, Papadopoulos CA (2008) CFD analysis of journal bearing hydrodynamic lubrication by Bingham lubricant. Tribol Int 41(12):1190–1204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rowe WB, Chong FS (1986) Computation of dynamic force coefficients for hybrid (hydrostatic/hydrodynamic) journal bearings by the finite disturbance and perturbation techniques. Tribol Int 19(5):260–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhu H (2014) Manual of heat-fluid-structure coupling of ANSYS 14. Posts & Telegram Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations