Modeling of the mechanical and physical properties of hybrid composites produced by gas pressure infiltration

  • Necat AltinkökEmail author
Technical Paper


In this study, mechanical and physical properties of hybrid composites were analyzed by using a data acquisition technique like artificial neural networks. Matlab software was used to examine the effects of test parameters on infiltration temperature and pressure. Bending strength, hardness and density of hybrid composite were affected in neural network training and test. Firstly, training set was prepared for the MMCs. In this set, three various training algorithms were used with artificial neural network. At the end of the each learning, the accuracy of the each training algorithm was checked by using test set. As a result, the predicted results which were closest to the experimental results were obtained with the Levenberg–Marquardt training algorithm for bending strength, hardness and density of hybrid composites. These trained values had an average error of 0.376%, 2.969% and 2.648% for bending strength, density and hardness values, respectively.


Hybrid metal matrix composites Mechanical properties Infiltration technique Artificial neural network (ANN) modeling 



Metal matrix composites




Artificial neural network


Aluminum code


Micron meter


Energy-dispersive spectroscopy


Scanning electron microscope


Mega Pascal


Hardness Brinell

List of symbols

i, j, k

Different neurons in the network (in different layers)


Weight associated with xi signal


Input (I = 1, 2, …, n)


The output


The threshold level given by user


nth training pattern(example) presented to the network

\( w_{i} \)

The weight associated with xi signal

\( w_{i} ({\text{new}}) \)

The new weight associated with xi signal

\( w_{i} ({\text{old}}) \)

The old weight associated with xi signal

\( \Delta w_{i} \)

The weight correction associated with xi signal

\( w_{ji} (n) \)

The synaptic weight connecting the output of neuron i to the input of neuron j at iteration n


A nonlinear function

\( W_{jk}^{i} \)

The different weights connecting different elements

\( \Delta w_{ji} (n) \)

The correction applied to \( w_{ji} (n) \) at iteration n


The result of the neural network


The actual value

\( \delta_{j} \)

The error associated with the jth element


Associated error

\( w_{nj} \)

The weight associated with the line from element n to element j


Momentum constant


Input vector to unit n


The learning ratio parameter


The momentum constant


Denotes the total number of samples in training set


The set including all the neurons in the output layer of the network

\( e_{k} (n) \)

The error signal at the output of neuron k for iteration n

\( d_{k} (n) \)

The desired response for neuron k

\( y_{k} (n) \)

The function signal appearing at the output neuron k at iteration n

\( \varepsilon (n) \)

The instantaneous sum of error squares at iteration n

\( \varepsilon_{\text{av}} (n) \)

The average squared error


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Machine and Metal Technologies, Hendek Vocational SchoolSakarya Applied Sciences UniversityHendekTurkey

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