Optimization of roller burnishing process on EN-9 grade alloy steel using response surface methodology

  • M. R. Stalin JohnEmail author
  • Nilanjan Banerjee
  • Karuna Shrivastava
  • B. K. Vinayagam
Technical Paper


The roller burnishing tool is used in computer numerical control lathe to superfinish the turning process. The tool and workpiece materials considered are tungsten carbide (69 HRC) and EN-9 Grade Alloy Steel (10 HRC), respectively. The input parameters are burnishing force, feed, roller contact width and number of passes. The response surface methodology is used to develop a mathematical model and optimize the parameters for the surface characteristics (such as surface roughness and surface hardness). The optimum surface roughness and its surface hardness are 0.2 µm and 18 HRC, respectively. The surface roughness is reduced by 94.5% and hardness is improved by 41.7%. The contributing variable of each parameter is estimated using analysis of variance method. The morphology of the burnished surface is investigated using scanning electron microscope.


Roller burnishing Response surface methodology Optimization technique CNC lathe ANOVA analysis 


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Stalin John
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nilanjan Banerjee
    • 1
  • Karuna Shrivastava
    • 1
  • B. K. Vinayagam
    • 1
  1. 1.SRM UniversityKanchipuram DistrictIndia

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