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Current Addiction Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 209–220 | Cite as

Alcohol Stimulation and Sedation: a Critical Review of the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale

  • Stephen J. BoydEmail author
  • William R. Corbin
  • Meghan E. Morean
  • Christopher S. Martin
Alcohol (R Leeman, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Alcohol

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) is widely used to assess stimulant and sedative alcohol effects. This paper reviews (a) recent measurement developments, (b) behavioral and physiological correlates, and (c) the role of the BAES in refining theories of SR and pharmacological interventions.

Recent Findings

An abbreviated scale (B-BAES) and a comprehensive measures of alcohol effects (SEAS) demonstrate strong psychometric properties and use of the BAES has helped refine the Differentiator Model of SR. Importantly, both BAES stimulation and sedation robustly predict risk for later alcohol problems, and the BAES has demonstrated utility in examining mechanisms of pharmacotherapy effects.

Summary

The BAES is the most widely used measure of SR and has informed both theory and practice. Recent findings point to important future directions including the need to (a) examine developmental influences, (b) refine our understanding of FH effects, and (c) consider expansion to capture novel aspects of SR.

Keywords

Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale Alcohol response Stimulation Sedation Review Differentiator Model 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Stephen J. Boyd, William R. Corbin, Meghan E. Morean, and Christopher S. Martin declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen J. Boyd
    • 1
    Email author
  • William R. Corbin
    • 2
  • Meghan E. Morean
    • 3
  • Christopher S. Martin
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyOberlin CollegeOberlinUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA

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