Current Addiction Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 100–109 | Cite as

Cross-Cultural Effects of Cannabis Use Disorder: Evidence to Support a Cultural Neuroscience Approach

  • Shikha PrashadEmail author
  • Amber L. Milligan
  • Janna Cousijn
  • Francesca M. Filbey
Cannabis (J Cousijn, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Cannabis


Purpose of Review

Cannabis use disorders (CUDs) are prevalent worldwide. Current epidemiological studies underscore differences in behaviors that contribute to cannabis use across cultures that can be leveraged towards prevention and treatment of CUDs. This review proposes a framework for understanding the effects of cross-cultural differences on psychological, neural, and genomic processes underlying CUDs that has the potential to inform global policies and impact global public health.

Recent Findings

We found that cultural factors may influence (1) the willingness to acknowledge CUD-related symptoms among populations of different countries, and (2) neural responses related to the sense of self, perception, emotion, and attention. These findings leverage the potential effects of culture on neural mechanisms underlying CUDs.


As the number of individuals seeking treatment for CUDs increases globally, it is imperative to incorporate cultural considerations to better understand and serve differing populations and develop more targeted treatment strategies and interventions.


Cannabis use disorders Cultural neuroscience Global policy Public health Cross-cultural studies Neurocognitive deficits in cannabis use 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Shikha Prashad, Amber L. Milligan, Janna Cousijn, and Francesca M. Filbey declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shikha Prashad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amber L. Milligan
    • 1
  • Janna Cousijn
    • 2
  • Francesca M. Filbey
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for BrainHealth, School of Behavioral and Brain SciencesThe University of Texas at DallasDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of Developmental PsychologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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