In vitro comparison of microleakge between preformed metal crowns and aesthetic crowns of primary molars using different adhesive luting cements
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To assess and compare the microleakage extent between preformed metal crowns (PMCs), preveneered PMCs and zirconia crowns using different adhesive luting cements.
Thirty-six primary first molars were divided into three groups (n = 12) each prepared to receive different crowns (PMCs, preveneered PMCs, or zirconia crowns). Each group was further sub-grouped (n = 4) according to the luting cement (resin cement, resin modified glass ionomer cement, or glass ionomer cement). After cementation, the teeth were thermocycled, placed in 0.5% basic fuchsin, and sectioned to assess dye penetration. The results were analysed using ANOVA and Bonferroni statistical tests. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05.
The microleakage recorded in zirconia crowns was significantly worse than that in preveneered PMCs and PMCs (p < 0.001). Regardless of the crown type, resin cement resulted in the least microleakage with statistically significant differences from glass ionomer cement (p < 0.05).
As far as microleakage is concerned, preveneered PMCs seem to be an aesthetic and suitable alternative to PMCs. In addition, resin cement stands to be the most optimum luting cement.
KeywordsEsthetic crowns Luting cements Microleakage Preformed metal crowns Primary molars Zirconia crowns
The authors gratefully acknowledge Qassim University, represented by the Deanship of Scientific Research, on the material support for this research under the Number “Dent-2016-1-12-s-1504” during the academic year 2016.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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