Evaluation of knowledge of students in paediatric dentistry concerning cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills in children
- 98 Downloads
The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies.
Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins.
The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training. When questioned about the correct ratio of compression and ventilation during CPR, most students answered incorrectly. For the CPR of babies in the presence of a first responder only 19 (27.1%) answered correctly (30 × 2), and for babies with two rescuers, 23 (32.8%) answered correctly (15 × 2); in relation to the correct rhythm of chest compressions, 38 (54.4%) answered incorrectly; when asked if they felt prepared to deal with a medical emergency in their dental surgeries, only 12 (17.1%) stated “yes”. In the practice evaluation, 51 (73%) students who had been assessed in CPR manoeuvres for children and 55 (78%) in the manoeuvres for babies scored inadequately.
The evaluated students did not have adequate knowledge about CPR in children and babies.
KeywordBasic life support Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Children Babies
The authors would like to thank the Institutional Program of Scientific Initiation, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School, process number 019-2015. The authors also wish to thank Dr. Cristina Saragiotto Caldas for her assistance in this study.
- American Heart Association. Guidelines for CPR and ECC—Part 5: adult BLS and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality. 2015. https://eccguidelines.heart.org/index.php/circulation/cpr-ecc-guidelines-2/part-5-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality/. Accessed 17 Mar 2017.
- American Heart Association. Statistical update. Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. 2016. http://cpr.heart.org/AHAECC/CPRAndECC/General/UCM_477263_Cardiac-Arrest-Statistics.jsp. Accessed 9 Mar 2018.
- Girdler NM, Smith DG. Prevalence of emergency events in British dental practice and emergency management skills of British dentists. Resuscitation. 1999;41(2):159–67.Google Scholar