The protective effect of SnF2 containing toothpastes and solution on enamel surfaces subjected to erosion and abrasion in situ
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Stannous fluoride solutions have shown promising protective effect against erosion/abrasion, but the effect of SnF2 toothpastes is uncertain.
The aim of the study was to test the inhibiting effect of two SnF2 toothpastes and a SnF2 solution against erosive/abrasive wear in a single-blind, randomised in situ study, using a white light interferometer.
Sixteen human molars were each divided into four specimens, mounted on mouth appliances and worn by 8 volunteers for 9 days. Specimens were brushed with toothpaste twice each day for 30 s either with fluoride-free toothpaste or toothpastes including SnF2. Toothpaste was left on the surface for 90 additional seconds. Group 1, fluoride-free toothpaste; Group 2, toothpaste A (0.4 % SnF2, Solidox); Group 3, toothpaste B (0.454 % SnF2, Oral-B®); Group 4, brushed with fluoride-free toothpaste (30 s) and treated for 2 min with a 0.4 % SnF2 solution (1,000 ppm F). To mimic gastric reflux/vomit, specimens were etched for 2 min twice a day (0.01 M HCl). Procedures were performed extra-orally.
The mean enamel wear (in μm) for the control specimens was: −29.2 ± SD 10.5; for group 2 −14.5 SD ± 9.3; for group 3 −33.3 SD ± 7.4, and for group 4 +0.4 SD ± 1.3. The specimens treated with SnF2 solution and toothpaste A showed significantly lower enamel wear than the control group. Toothpaste B gave no significant reduction in enamel wear.
The SnF2 solution fully protected the enamel surface against erosive and abrasive challenges. The SnF2 toothpaste A (Solidox) showed less, but significant protection of the enamel, while no statistically significant protection was demonstrated by SnF2 toothpaste B (Oral-B® Pro-Expert).
KeywordsDental erosion In situ Toothpaste SnF2
The study was funded by Grants from the University of Oslo and a small contribution from Lilleborg AS. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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