Advertisement

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 45–49 | Cite as

Prevalence of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries and its relation to dental fear among 12–15-year-old schoolchildren in Bangalore city, India

  • A. K. MurthyEmail author
  • M. Pramila
  • S. Ranganath
Original Scientific Article

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the prevalence of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries and its relation to dental fear among public schoolchildren in India.

Method

A cross-sectional study of 1,452 schoolchildren aged 12–15-years in Bangalore city using a three-stage stratified random sample was conducted. Caries was scored by WHO (World Health Organisation) criteria (1997) and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries using the PUFA index. Dental fear was assessed by a single item dental fear questionnaire.

Results

The overall prevalence of caries was 57.9 % and of untreated dental caries was 19.4 %. Children with high dental fear had 2.05 times the risk of untreated caries as compared to children with low fear.

Conclusions

This study showed that the prevalence of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries was low, and dental fear was shown to be a significant determinant of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries.

Keywords

Consequences of untreated caries PUFA index Schoolchildren Dental fear 

References

  1. Armfield JM, Stewart JF, Spencer AJ. The vicious cycle of dental fear: exploring the interplay between oral health, service utilisation and dental fear. BMC Oral Health. 2007;7:1.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Armfield JM, Slade GD, Spencer AJ. Dental fear and adult oral health in Australia. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2009;37:220–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bedi R, Sutcliffe P, Donnan PT, Barrett N, McConnachie J. Dental caries experience and prevalence of children afraid of dental treatment. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1992;20:368–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benzian H, Monse B, Heinrich-Weltzien R, Hobdell M. Untreated severe dental decay: a neglected determinant of low Body Mass Index in 12-year-old Filipino children. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:558.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dash JK, Sahoo PK, Bhuyan SK, Sahoo SK. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among children of Cuttack (Orissa). J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2002;20(4):139–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Esa R, Savithri V, Humphris G, Freeman R. The relationship between dental anxiety and dental decay experience in antenatal mothers. Eur J Oral Sci. 2010;118:59–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Figueiredo MJ, de Amorin RG, Leal SC, Mulder J, Frencken JE. Prevalence and severity of clinical consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions in children from a deprived area of Brazil. Caries Res. 2011;45:435–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Finucane D. Rationale for restoration of carious primary teeth: a review. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2012;13:281–292Google Scholar
  9. Frencken JE, de Amorim RG, Faber J, Leal SC. The caries assessment spectrum and treatment (CAST) index: rational and development. Int Dent J. 2011;61:117–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gradella CMF, Bernabe E, Bonecker M, Oliveira LB. Caries prevalence and severity, and quality of life in Brazilian 2- to 4- year-old children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2011;39:498–504.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kinirons MJ, Stewart C. Factors affecting levels of untreated caries in a sample of 14–15-year-old adolescents in Northern Ireland. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1998;26:7–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Kruger E, Thomson WM, Poulton R, et al. Dental caries and changes in dental anxiety in late adolescence. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1998;26:355–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Leal SC, Bronkhorst EM, Fan M, Frencken JE. Untreated cavitated dentine lesions: impact on children’s quality of life. Caries Res. 2012;46:102–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Monse B, Heinrich-Weltzien R, Benzian H, Holmgren C, van Palenstein Helderman W. PUFA—An index of clinical consequences of untreated dental caries. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2010;38:77–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ng SKS, Leung WK. A community study on the relationship of dental anxiety with oral health status and oral health-related quality of life. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2008;36:347–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Peter S. Essentials of Preventive and Community Dentistry. 3rd ed. New Delhi: Arya Publishing House; 2006. p. 185–7.Google Scholar
  17. Pohjola V, Lahti S, Vehkalahti MM, Tolvanen M, Hausen H. Age-specific associations between dental fear and dental condition among adults in Finland. Acta Odontol Scand. 2008;66:278–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schuller AA, Willumsen T, Holst D. Are there differences in oral health and oral health behaviour between individuals with high and low dental fear? Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2003;31:116–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Skaret E, Raadal M, Berg E, Kvale G. Dental anxiety and dental avoidance among 12–18 year olds in Norway. Eur J Oral Sci. 1999;107:422–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sudha P, Bhasin S, Anegundi RT. Prevalence of dental caries among 5–13-year-old children of Mangalore city. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2005;23:74–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Taani DQ, El-Qaderi SS, Abu Alhaija ES. Dental anxiety in children and its relationship to dental caries and gingival condition. Int J Dent Hyg. 2005;3:83–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. World Health Organisation. Oral Health Surveys, Basic Methods. 4th ed. Geneva: WHO; 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health DentistryM. R. Ambedkar Dental CollegeBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations