Advertisement

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 221–225 | Cite as

Dental trauma in children with disabilities in India: a comparative study

  • A. K. MurthyEmail author
  • B. Chandrakala
  • M. Pramila
  • S. Ranganath
Original Scientific Article

Abstract

Aim

To investigate and describe the characteristics of traumatic dental injury (TDI) in children with disabilities attending special schools in Bangalore, India and to compare these with a matched group of healthy children.

Methods

The sample included 231 children with disabilities aged 6–16 years and 231 age- and sex-matched healthy children. Data were collected through clinical examinations according to the modified Ellis classification of TDI.

Results

All the dental injuries involved maxillary incisor teeth, and trauma was noted in 12.1 % of disabled children as compared to 6.9 % among the control group which showed statistical significance. There was no difference in the distribution of traumatic injuries between the genders and no difference in the mean age was found between the study and the control groups. Simple fractures involving little or no dentine were the most frequent type of injury.

Conclusions

The data suggest that the TDI prevalence in children with disability was higher than that of non-disabled children.

Keywords

Epidemiology Dental trauma Disabled children 

References

  1. AlSarheed M, Bedi R, Hunt NP. Traumatised permanent teeth in 11–16-year-old Saudi Arabian children with a sensory impairment attending special schools. Dent Traumatol. 2003;19:123–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Census, 2011, Bangalore (Bengaluru) District. Available from http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/242-bangalore.html (Accessed on 12 May 2012).
  3. Costa MM, Afonso RL, Ruviere DB, Aguiar SM. Prevalence of dental trauma in patients with cerebral palsy. Spec Care Dentist. 2008;28:61–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. de Jongh A, van Houtem C, van der Schoof M, Resida G, Broers D. Oral health status, treatment needs, and obstacles to dental care among noninstitutionalized children with severe mental disabilities in The Netherlands. Spec Care Dentist. 2008;28:111–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. dos Santos MT, Souza CB. Traumatic dental injuries in individuals with cerebral palsy. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25:290–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Evans DJ, Greening S, French AD. A study of the dental health of children and young adults attending special schools in South Glamorgan. Int J Paediatr Dent. 1991;1:17–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferreira MCD, Guare RO, Prokopowitsch I, Santos MTBR. Prevalence of dental trauma in individuals with special needs. Dent Traumatol. 2011;27:113–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gizani S, Declerck D, Vinckier F, et al. Oral health condition of 12-year-old handicapped children in Flanders (Belgium). Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1997;25:352–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Greeley CB, Goldstein PA, Forrester DJ. Oral manifestation in group of blind students. J Dent Child. 1976;43:39–41.Google Scholar
  10. Hamdan MA, Rajab LD. Traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth among 12-year-old schoolchildren in Jordan. Community Dent Health. 2003;20:89–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Hargreaves JA, Matejka JM, Cleaton-Jones PE, Williams S. Anterior tooth trauma in eleven-year-old South African children. ASDC J Dent Child. 1995;62:353–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hennequin M, Moysan V, Jourdan D, Dorin M, Nicolas E. Inequalities in oral health for children with disabilities: a French national survey in special schools. PLoS ONE. 2008;3(6):e2564.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Holan G, Peretz B, Efrat J, Shapira Y. Traumatic injuries to the teeth in young individuals with cerebral palsy. Dent Traumatol. 2005;21:65–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Josefsson E, Karlander EL. Traumatic injuries to permanent teeth among Swedish school children living in a rural area. Swedish Dent J. 1994;18:87–94.Google Scholar
  15. Marcenes W, Zabot NE, Traebert J. Socio-economic correlates of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors in schoolchildren aged 12 years in Blumenau, Brazil. Dent Traumatol. 2001;17:222–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Murray JJ, McLeod JP. The dental condition of severely subnormal children in three London boroughs. Br Dent J. 1973;134:380–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Naidoo S, Sheiham A, Tsakos G. Traumatic dental injuries of permanent incisors in 11- to 13-year-old South African schoolchildren. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25:224–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. National Sample Survey Organisation. Disabled Persons in India: NSS 58th Round. Report No. 485. New Delhi: Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, Government of India, 2002.Google Scholar
  19. Nunn JH, Gordon PH, Carmichael CL. Dental disease and current treatment needs in a group of physically handicapped children. Community Dent Health. 1993;10:389–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Nunn JH, Murray JJ. The dental health of handicapped children in Newcastle and Northumberland. Br Dent J. 1987;162:9–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ohito FA, Opinya GN, Wang’ombe J. Traumatic dental injuries in normal and handicapped children in Nairobi, Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1992;69:680–2.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Onetto JE, Flores MT, Garbarino ML. Dental trauma in children and adolescents in Valparaiso, Chile. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1994;10:223–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Otuyemi OD. Traumatic anterior dental injuries related to incisor overjet and lip competence in 12-year-old Nigerian children. Int J Paediatr Dent (Br Paedod Soc Int Assoc Dent Children). 1994;4:81–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Patel MC, Sujan SG. The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to permanent anterior teeth and its relation with predisposing risk factors among 8–13 years school children of Vadodara city: an epidemiological study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2012;2:151–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schatz JP, Joho JP. A retrospective study of dento-alveolar injuries. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1994;10:11–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shaw L, Maclaurin ET, Foster TD. Dental study of handicapped children attending special schools in Birmingham, UK. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1986;14:24–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zerman N, Cavalleri G. Traumatic injuries to permanent incisors. Endod Dental Traumatol. 1993;9:61–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Murthy
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Chandrakala
    • 1
  • M. Pramila
    • 1
  • S. Ranganath
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public Health DentistryM. R. Ambedkar Dental CollegeBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations