Multimodal therapy of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer, with emphasis on the role of radioiodine
Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) accounts for 95% of all thyroid cancers and is generally an indolent tumor, tending to present with limited loco-regional disease with an excellent long-term survival after treatment. However, 5–10% present with locally advanced disease and aero-digestive tract invasion or distant metastases that are the main cause of thyroid cancer-related deaths.
The present review aims to underline the complex management of advanced DTC including treatment of gross extra-thyroidal extension, recurrent loco-regional, or distant metastatic disease.
Radioiodine therapy is an effective treatment of advanced and/or metastatic DTC which contributes significantly to patients’ life expectancy. Multimodal approach based on surgical resection in combination with radioiodine therapy, interventional imaging treatment, and TSH suppression can significantly improve outcomes for this patients’ population.
KeywordsThyroid cancer Radioiodine Advanced disease Distant metastasis Advanced thyroid cancer Radioiodine therapy Local treatments Thyrosin kinase inhibitors
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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