New technique of electrical soundings: theoretical modeling and experimental application in study of state of the soil dam

  • Olga Ivanovna Fedorova
  • Vitaliy Yurievich GorshkovEmail author
Original Study


The results of mathematical modeling of electrical soundings with the AMNB (Schlumberger, Wenner) arrays and the proposed combined AMN + NMA array above horizontally layered medium and including a ball medium are presented. It is shown that the combined array has two main advantages: the current penetration depth is greater at the same position of outer electrodes of the considered arrays; edge effects are smaller due to bilateral measurements with respect to the central receiving electrode; a geoelectric inhomogeneity is delineated at the pseudosections of the apparent resistivity. The quantitative interpretation of the sounding curves obtained with the AMN + NMA array can be carried out by an existing software for inversing of data of the symmetric Wenner (AMNB) array with electrode spacing equal to 1/3 of supplying dipole. The results of application of the new technique of electrical soundings by the combined array in the study of state of the dam on sedimentation tank of liquid chemicals are presented. On the geoelectric sections and the pseudosections of the apparent resistivity, areas of increased electrical conductivity in body and base of the dam are detected. Filtration of water from the reservoir occurs through these areas. Soundings with the AMN + NMA array are expedient for studying of a geological medium at small depths where the medium is horizontally-heterogeneous, and also for solving of engineering-geological problems.


Wenner array Schlumberger array VES Apparent resistivity Pseudosection Sounding curves 


  1. Asfahani J (2007) Tectonic evolution and hydrogeological characteristics of the Khanaser valley, northern Syria, derived from the interpretation of vertical electrical soundings. Pure Appl Geophys 164:2291–2311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bobachev AA (2002)IPI2Win(MT) v2.0 User’s Guide: PDF document. Moscow State University.
  3. Bobachev AA, Marchenko MN, Modin IN, Pervago EV, Urusova AV, Shevnin VA (1996) New approaches to electrical soundings of horizontally inhomogeneous media. Phys Solid Earth 12:1075–1086Google Scholar
  4. Candansayar ME, Basokur T (2001) Detecting small-scale targets by the 2D inversion of two-sided three-electrode data: application to an archaeological survey. Geophys Prospect 49:13–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cubbage B, Noonan GE, Rucker DF (2017) A modified Wenner array for efficient use of eight-channel resistivity meters. Pure Appl Geophys 174(2):2705–2718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fedorova OI (2015) New method of electrical soundings with three-electrode planting. Ural’skij geofiziceskij vestnik 1:58–62Google Scholar
  7. Fedorova OI (2016) Modeling of electrical soundings with planting AMNB and combined planting AMN + NMA above local inhomogeneities. Ural’skij geofiziceskij vestnik 2:81–85Google Scholar
  8. Khalil MH (2006) Geoelectric resistivity sounding for delineating salt water intrusion in the Abu Zenima area, west Sinai, Egypt. J Geophys Eng 3:243–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Khalil MA, Santos FAM (2013) 2D and 3D resistivity inversion of Schlumberger vertical electrical soundings in Wadi El Natrum, Egypt: a case study. J Appl Geophys 89:116–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Leite DN, Bortolozo CA, Porsani JL, Couto MA Jr, Campaña JDR et al (2018) Geoelectrical characterization with 1D VES/TDEM joint inversion in Urupes-SP region, Parana Basin: application to hydrogeology. J Appl Geophys 151:205–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Loke MH (2009) Tutorial: 2-D and 3-D electrical imaging surveys: PDF document.
  12. Loke MH, Barker RD (1996) Rapid least-squares inversion of apparent resistivity pseudosection by a quasi-Newton method. Geoelectr Prospect 44:131–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Matveev BK (1990) The electric exploration. Course book for high school. Nedra Press, Moscow, 368p (in Russian).
  14. Rucker DF, Glaser DR (2015) Standard, random and optimum array conversions from two-pole resistance data. J Environ Eng Geophys 20:207–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Santos FAM, Sultan AS (2008) On the 3-D inversion vertical of vertical electrical soundings: application to the South Ismailia area—Cairo Desert Roud, Cairo, Egypt. J Appl Geophys 65:97–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shestakov AF, Fedorova OI (2016) Method of geoelectric exploration. Patent RF 2581768. Declared 25.11.2014. Published 20.04.2016. Bulletin No. 11 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Shima H (1989) The effects on reconstructed images surrounding resistivity structures in resistivity tomography: report. Presented at 59 th annual international SEG meeting, DallasGoogle Scholar
  18. Song SH, Lee JY, Park N (2007) Use of vertical electrical soundings to delineate seawater intrusion in coastal area of Byunsan, Korea. Environ Geol 52:1207–1219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Song L, Zhu JJ, Qiaoling Y, Hongzhang K (2012) Estimation of groundwater levels with vertical electrical soundings in the semiarid area of South Keerqin sandy aquifer, China. J Appl Geophys 83:11–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geophysics Ural Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

Personalised recommendations