Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 151–180 | Cite as

A review of seismic hazard assessment studies and hazard description in the building codes for Egypt

  • Rashad Sawires
  • José A. Peláez
  • Raafat E. Fat-Helbary
  • Hamza A. Ibrahim


Reduction of damage in earthquake-prone areas requires modern building codes that should be continuously updated to reflect the improvement in our understanding of the physical effects of earthquake ground shaking on buildings and the increase in the quality and amount of seismological and tectonic studies, among other factors. This work reviews the published seismic hazard assessments available for Egypt as well as the seismic actions included in the building codes, in order to show the state-of-the-art of the seismic hazard assessment studies for the country. The review includes the history and development of seismic hazard assessments and the adoption of seismic building codes in Egypt. All the previous studies were analyzed in order to conclude that a new seismic hazard assessment according to the state-of-the-art is desirable, as well as a change in the hazard description for the actual Egyptian building code.


Egypt Review Earthquakes Seismic hazard Building codes 



We would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions. This research work is supported by the Egyptian Ministry of the Higher Education (Cultural Affairs and Missions Sector, Cairo) and the Spanish Seismic Hazard and Active Tectonics research group. In addition, appreciation is necessary goes to Prof. Amin Saleh Aly, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, who provides us some critical information about the Egyptian building codes.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rashad Sawires
    • 1
    • 2
  • José A. Peláez
    • 2
  • Raafat E. Fat-Helbary
    • 3
  • Hamza A. Ibrahim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of JaénJaénSpain
  3. 3.Aswan Regional Earthquake Research CenterAswanEgypt

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