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The general State budget for a specific year provides the various authorities of the State with a right to use allocations. It does not impose an obligation to use the allocations which are included in it. Consequently, the State’s failure to implement a program which has been included in the general State budget does not provide a person with an enforceable right to claim the loss of profit, based on an allocation which has not been spent.
- 2.The installation of systems, that fall within the scope of protection of a patent, has been carried out with the consent of the rightholder, if the rightholder himself was the competent official for the promotion and installation of said systems and never raised any issue of financial claims against the organisation that uses the system.
The patent holder bears the burden of proving that he has suffered a patent infringement.
If it is the patent holder who had the whole coordination of the installation of those systems under his supervision and was responsible for the subsidization of private individuals aiming at the installation of those systems, but at the same time has never raised any issue of damages or royalties for the use of the patent, his whole conduct implies that he consented to the use of the patent, without the payment of any fee.
This implied consent, however, does not extend to the installation of systems after the retirement of the patent holder.