Advertisement

The Certification Mark as a New EU-Wide Industrial Property Right

  • Martina Repas
  • Tomaž Keresteš
Article
  • 165 Downloads

Abstract

This article deals with the EU certification mark, which is a new development in EU trade mark law introduced by amendments to Regulation 207/2009 on EU trade marks. The article describes the basic purpose of certification marks, which is to certify the characteristics of goods and services, and compares them with other types of marks (ordinary and collective trade marks). The conditions that need to be met in order to obtain an EU certification mark are emphasised. In this context several issues are discussed, especially those regarding the ownership of certification marks and the related rules under which the trade mark owner is prohibited from performing business involving the supply of goods or services of the kind certified, ambiguities surrounding the concept of the certifying body, the co-existence of an ordinary mark, and the restrictions regarding the use of certification marks. The authors believe that a certifying body as a term used in the amended Regulation 207/2009 should encompass the owner as well as third parties authorised to monitor the use of EU certification marks, and that the co-existence of a mere “plain” ordinary mark registered for the same goods or services as certified or a filed application thereof should be a reason for refusal of registration or its invalidity.

Keywords

Certification mark Collective mark Certifying body Regulations governing use Unitary right Trade mark owner 

References

  1. Alikhan S, Mashelkar R (2009) Intellectual property and competitive strategies in the 21st century. Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den RijnGoogle Scholar
  2. Barren MR (2007) Creating consumer confidence or confusion? The role of product certification marks in the market today. Marquette Intellect Prop Law Rev 11:413–442Google Scholar
  3. Belson J (2002a) Certification marks. Sweet & Maxwell, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Belson J (2002b) Certification marks, guarantees and trust. Eur Intellect Prop Rev 24:340–352Google Scholar
  5. Bently L, Sherman B (2009) Intellectual property law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Blakeney M (2014) The protection of geographical indications—law and practice. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  7. Čizmić J, Zlatović D (2002) Komentar Zakona o žigu [Commentary on the Trademark Act]. Faber & Zgombić Plus, ZagrebGoogle Scholar
  8. Dissmann R, Somboonvong S (2016) Die Unionsgewährleistungsmarke. GRUR 7:657–664Google Scholar
  9. Hallett P (2013) Certification marks—are they really worth the hassle? les Nouvelles, June, 99–103Google Scholar
  10. Heavner BB (2013) Running like clockworks: certification mark best practices after the swiss watch international case. Intellectual property today. http://www.finnegan.com/resource/articles(articlesdetail.aspx?news=461da642-1d53-4df2-b28d-2788967ac2d. Accessed 7 Mar 2017
  11. Heavner BB, Justus MR (2010) Worldwide certification-mark registration—a certifiable nightmare. Landslide 2:21–22Google Scholar
  12. Medina GMÁ (2012) Collective, guarantee and certification marks and GIs: connections and dissimilarities. J Intellect Prop Law Pract 7:251–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. O’Connor B (2004) The law on geographical indications. Cameron May, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Slopek D (2017) VO (EG) 207/2009 Art 74a Unionsgewährleistungsmarken. In: Kur A, von Bomhard V and Albrecht F (eds) Markenrecht. C.H. Beck, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  15. Taylor DA (1958) Certification marks - success or failure? J Mark July 23:39–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Thünken A (2016) Die Unionsgewährleistungsmarke: sinnvolle Ergänzung eines Markenportfolios? GRUR-Prax 22:494–496Google Scholar
  17. Torremans P (2005) Holyoak and Torremans intellectual property law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  18. Waelde C, Laurie G, Brown A, Kheria S, Cornwell J (2014) Contemporary intellectual property—law and policy. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Wilkof NJ (1995) Trade mark licensing. Sweet & Maxwell, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook (2004) WIPO Publication. http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/intproperty/489/wipo_pub_489.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2017

Copyright information

© Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Professor of Law, Faculty of LawUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia

Personalised recommendations