Copyright Exceptions and Digital Technology in Educational Institutions in Thailand
- 234 Downloads
This article demonstrates that the copyright exceptions for educational institutions are an obstacle to the development of lifelong learning and distance education in Thailand, as well as preventing the use of digital technology in the Thai educational sector. This is because they only allow the distribution of educational materials by teachers and educational institutions to be done in a class or in an educational institution, so they cannot cover the situation where the institutions distribute such materials to distance-learning students via electronic means outside the institutions. Thus, this article proposes that the exception for educational institutions needs to be reformed in order to support the Thai government’s policy of distance education and lifelong learning. However, it also argues that the proposed changes recommended in this article, to extend the scope of the current exceptions to cover the distribution of educational materials outside the classroom for distance education, must be carried out together with the introduction of some additional measures to ensure that such changes will only have a limited impact on the incentives for creativity and the economic interests of copyright owners.
KeywordsException for educational institutions Copyright exceptions in Thailand Copyright infringement Copyright collecting societies Exceptions and distance learning Exceptions and digital technology
I deeply thank Professor Hector MacQueen at the University of Edinburgh for his valuable comments on this article, but I am alone responsible for any error of fact, law and opinion contained within it.
- Cornish WR, Llewelyn D (2007) Intellectual property: patents, copyrights, trademarks and allied rights, 6th edn. Sweet & Maxwell, LondonGoogle Scholar
- International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) (2004) Limitations and exceptions to copyright and neighbouring rights in the digital environment: an international library perspective. http://www.ifla.org/en/publications/limitations-and-exceptions-to-copyright-and-neighbouring-rights-in-the-digital-environm (Accessed 2 Aug 2012)
- Knopf H (2008) Canadian copyright collectives and the copyright board: a snapshot in 2008. Intellect Prop J 21:117, 119Google Scholar
- Senftleben M (2004) Copyright, limitations and the three-step test: an analysis of the three-step test in international and EC copyright law, vol 268. Kluwer Law International, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
- Sitthimongkol T (2007) Why a collecting society? In: Annual report of the Department of Intellectual Property 2007. http://www.ipthailand.go.th/ipthailand/images/Anual/anual2007.pdf (Accessed 22 August 2012)
- Sunthornsingkarn J (2009) Song sung blue—karaoke and royalty collection in Thailand. Int Rev Intellect Prop Compet Law 40(2):213Google Scholar
- Supasiripongchai N (2011) The enforcement of the copyright law in Thailand: what could be the answer to massive copyright violations in Thailand? Eur Intellect Prop Rev 33(12):795–805Google Scholar
- Supasiripongchai N (2012a) Copyright protection in Thailand: should the establishment of the copyright collecting societies (CCS) and licensing scheme system be the solution to the problem of copyright infringement in the Thai education sector? Intellect Prop Q (3):173–174Google Scholar
- Supasiripongchai N (2012b) Copyright infringement and educational exceptions in Thailand: what should be the solution to the problem of copyright infringement in the Thai education sector?” WIPO–WTO Colloquium Papers: Research Papers from the WIPO–WTO Colloquium for Teachers of Intellectual Property Law 2011. WIPO Academy and the Intellectual Property Division of the WTO, Geneva. http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/wipo_wto_colloquium2011_e.pdf (Accessed 22 August 2012); or http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/academy/en/teaching/teaching_research/wipo_wto_colloq/pdf/wipo_wto_papers_2011.pdf (Accessed 22 August 2012)
- The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) (2009) Customer licensees: common music licensing terms. http://www.ascap.com/licensing/termsdefined.html (Accessed 22 Aug 2012)
- The British Academy (2008) Taking forward the Gowers review of intellectual property: proposed changes to copyright exceptions. The British Academy Submission to the UK IPO Consultation. http://www.britac.ac.uk/policy/ukipo-submission.cfm (Accessed 20 Feb 2012).
- UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) (2006) Gowers review of intellectual property. http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/media/6/E/pbr06_gowers_report_755.pdf, or http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/gowers_review_index.htm (Accessed 20 February 2012)
- UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) (2007) Taking forward the Gowers review of intellectual property: proposed changes to copyright exceptions. http://www.ipo.gov.uk/consult-copyrightexceptions.pdf (Accessed 20 February 2012)
- UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) (2009) Taking forward the Gowers review of intellectual property: second stage consultation on copyright exceptions. http://www.ipo.gov.uk/consult-gowers2.pdf (Accessed 20 Feb 2012)