The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 99–107 | Cite as

Flow in the Academic Domain: The Role of Perfectionism and Engagement

  • Tajana Ljubin-Golub
  • Majda Rijavec
  • Lana Jurčec
Regular Article


The tendency to experience flow (flow proneness) is previously found to be associated with both some personality traits and engagement. In this study, we hypothesized a positive relationship between adaptive perfectionism and academic flow, a negative relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and flow, and also postulated the mediating role of academic engagement in the relationship between perfectionism and academic flow. The sample comprised 288 university students majoring in primary education. Several questionnaires were administered to assess flow in the academic domain, perfectionism, and engagement. As expected, adaptive perfectionism, namely high standards, was positively related to a higher level of academic flow, and the relationship was mediated by higher behavioral and cognitive engagement. Also as expected, maladaptive perfectionism, namely discrepancy, was negatively related to academic flow, and the relationship was mediated by negative emotional (anxious) engagement. The study provides empirical support for the relationship between academic flow and perfectionism, suggesting engagement as a possible mechanism for this relationship.


Flow Students Optimal experience Perfectionism Engagement Personality 



The author(s) acknowledge the financial support in part for the research and/or authorship of this article under a grant from the University of Zagreb (DP075).


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Copyright information

© De La Salle University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tajana Ljubin-Golub
    • 1
  • Majda Rijavec
    • 1
  • Lana Jurčec
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Teacher EducationUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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