Advertisement

Periodic Orbits for Sounding Mars’ Atmosphere by Down- and Limb-Looking Measurements

  • Emiliano OrtoreEmail author
  • Luca Spazzacampagna
  • Giovanni Laneve
  • Christian Circi
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The Periodic Multi-Sun-Synchronous Orbit allows the planning of observational cycles in which the solar illumination of the observed planet varies regularly, and returns to the initial condition at the beginning of each cycle. In the classical down-looking geometry of observation, this leads to the possibility of reconstructing the temporal evolution of all planetary parameters that are characterised by a typical variation in the solar day. In this paper, such an orbit is proposed to analyse the evolution of Mars’ atmosphere time-varying parameters taking into account, in addition to the down-looking configuration, a limb-looking geometry that works with a solar occultation technique.

Keywords

Periodic orbit Limb-looking Mars atmosphere analysis 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Kliore, A., Fjeldbo, G., Seidel, B.: First results of the Mariner-6 radio occultation measurement of the lower atmosphere of Mars. Radio Sci. 5(2), 373–379 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barth, C.A., Hord, C.W., Pearce, J.B., Kelly, K.K., Anderson, G.P., Stewar, A.I.: Mariner 6 and 7 ultraviolet spectrometer experiment: upper atmosphere data. J. Geophys. Res. 76(10), 2213–2217 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barth, C.A., Hord, C.W., Stewart, A.I., Lane, A.L.: Mariner 9 ultraviolet spectrometer experiment: initial results. Science. 175(4019), 309–312 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nier, A.O., McElroy, M.B.: Composition and structure of Mars' upper atmosphere: results from the neutral mass spectrometers on Viking 1 and 2. J. Geophys. Res. 82(28), 4341–4349 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Albee, A.L., Arvidson, R.E., Palluconi, F., Thorpe, T.: Overview of the Mars global surveyor mission. J. Geophys. Res. 106(E10), 23291–23316 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hurley, K., Mitrofanov, I., Charyshnikov, S., Grinkov, V., Kozyrev, A., Litvak, M., Sanin, A., Boynton, W., Fellows, C., Harshman, K., Shinohara, C., Starr, R.: The Mars odyssey experiments in the third interplanetary network. Adv. Space Res. 38(7), 1312–1315 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Korable, O.I., Bertaux, J.-L., Dubois, J.-P.: Occultation of stars in the UV: study of the atmosphere of Mars. J. Geophys. Res. 106(E4), 7597–7610 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Taylor, F.W., Calcutt, S.B., Read, P.L., Lewis, S.R., McCleese, D.J., Schofield, J.T., Zurek, R.W.: Atmospheric temperature sounding on Mars, and the climate sounder on the 2005 reconnaissance orbiter. Adv. Space Res. 38(4), 713–717 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bougher, S.W., et al.: The structure and variability of Mars dayside thermosphere from MAVEN NGIMS and IUVS measurements: seasonal and solar activity trends in scale heights and temperatures. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics. 122(1), 1296–1313 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vandaele, A.C., Neefs, E., Drummond, R., Thomas, I.R., Daerden, F., Lopez-Moreno, J.J., Rodriguez, J., Patel, M.R., Bellucci, G., Allen, M., Altieri, F., Bolsée, D., Clancy, T., Delanoye, S., Depiesse, C., Cloutis, E., Fedorova, A., Formisano, V., Funke, B., Fussen, D., Geminale, A., Gérard, J.C., Giuranna, M., Ignatiev, N., Kaminski, J., Karatekin, O., Lefèvre, F., López-Puertas, M., López-Valverde, M., Mahieux, A., McConnell, J., Mumma, M., Neary, L., Renotte, E., Ristic, B., Robert, S., Smith, M., Trokhimovsky, S., Vander Auwera, J., Villanueva, G., Whiteway, J., Wilquet, V., Wolff, M.: The NOMAD team, science objectives and performances of NOMAD, a spectrometer suit for the ExoMars TGO mission. Planet Space Sci. 119, 233–249 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Alvarellos, J.L.: Perturbations on a stationary satellite by the longitude-dependent terms in Mars’ gravitational field. J. Astronaut. Sci. 57(4), 701–715 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Edwards, C.D., Adams, J.T., Bell, D.J., Cesarone, R., DePaula, R., Durning, J.F., Ely, T.A., Leung, R.Y., McGraw, C.A., Rosell, S.N.: Strategies for telecommunications and navigation in support of Mars exploration. Acta Astronaut. 48(5–12), 661–668 (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Edwards, C., De Paula, R.: Key telecommunications technologies for increasing data return for future Mars exploration. Acta Astronaut. 61(1–6), 131–138 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hastrup, R., Bell, D., Cesarone, R., Edwards, C., Ely, T., Guinn, J., Rosell, S., Srinivasan, J., Townes, S.: Mars network for low-cost missions. Acta Astronaut. 52(2–6), 227–235 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Silva, J.J., Romero, P.: Optimal longitudes determination for the station keeping of areostationary satellites. Planet Space Sci. 87, 14–18 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Niccolai, L., Quarta, A.A., Mengali, G.: Electric sail elliptic displaced orbits with advanced thrust model. Acta Astronaut. 138, 503–511 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Niccolai, L., Quarta, A.A., Mengali, G.: Electric sail-based displaced orbits with a refined thrust model. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part G J Aerosp Eng. 232(3), 423–432 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ortore, E., Circi, C., Bunkheila, F., Ulivieri, C.: Earth and Mars observation using periodic orbits. Adv. Space Res. 49(1), 185–195 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Circi, C., Ortore, E., Bunkheila, F., Ulivieri, C.: Elliptical multi-sun-synchronous orbits for Mars exploration. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 114(3), 215–227 (2012)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hays, P.B., Robie, R.G.: Stellar spectra and atmospheric composition. J. Atmos. Sci. 25(6), 1141–1153 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hays, P.B., Roble, R.G.: Atmospheric properties from the inversion of planetary occultation data. Planet Space Sci. 16(9), 1197–1198 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Robie, P.B., Hays, R.G.: A technique for recovering the vertical number density profile of atmospheric gases from planetary occultation data. Planet Space Sci. 20(10), 1727–1744 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Elliot, J.L.: Stellar occultation studies of the solar system. Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 17, 445–475 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Smith, G.R., Hunten, D.M.: Study of planetary atmospheres by absorptive occultations. Rev. Geophys. 28(2), 117–143 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Elliot, J.L., Olkin, C.B.: Probing planetary atmospheres with stellar occultations. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 24, 89–123 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kozai, Y.: The motion of a close earth satellite. Astron. J. 64(1274), 367–377 (1959)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cinelli, M., Circi, C., Ortore, E.: Polynomial equations for science orbits around Europa. Celest. Mech. Dyn. Astron. 122(3), 199–212 (2015)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Merson, R.H.: The motion of a satellite in an axi-symmetric gravitational field. Geophys. J. Int. 4(Supplement 1), 17–52 (1961)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lemoine, F.G., Smith, D.E., Rowlands, D.D., Zuber, M.T., Neumann, G.A., Chinn, D.S.: An improved solution of the gravity field of Mars (GMM-2B) from Mars global surveyor. J. Geophys. Res. 106(E10), 23359–23376 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bertaux, J.-L., et al.: SPICAM on Mars express: observing modes and overview of UV spectrometer data and scientific results. J Geophys Res Planets. 111(E10S90), 40 (2006)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kleinböhl, A., et al.: Mars climate sounder limb profile retrieval of atmospheric temperature, pressure, and dust and water ice opacity. J. Geophys. Res. 114(E10006), 30 (2009)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Vandaele, A.C., Neefs, E., Drummond, R., Thomas, I.R., Daerden, F., Lopez-Moreno, J.J., Rodriguez, J., Patel, M.R., Bellucci, G., Allen, M., Altieri, F., Bolsée, D., Clancy, T., Delanoye, S., Depiesse, C., Cloutis, E., Fedorova, A., Formisano, V., Funke, B., Fussen, D., Geminale, A., Gérard, J.C., Giuranna, M., Ignatiev, N., Kaminski, J., Karatekin, O., Lefèvre, F., López-Puertas, M., López-Valverde, M., Mahieux, A., McConnell, J., Mumma, M., Neary, L., Renotte, E., Ristic, B., Robert, S., Smith, M., Trokhimovsky, S., Vander Auwera, J., Villanueva, G., Whiteway, J., Wilquet, V., Wolff, M.: Science objectives and performances of NOMAD, a spectrometer suite for the ExoMars TGO mission. Planet Space Sci. 119, 233–249 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Astronautical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emiliano Ortore
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luca Spazzacampagna
    • 1
  • Giovanni Laneve
    • 2
  • Christian Circi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Astronautical, Electrical and Energy EngineeringSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.School of Aerospace EngineeringSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations