The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 298–314 | Cite as

Design of the Recovery Trajectory for JAXA Venus Orbiter Akatsuki

  • Stefano CampagnolaEmail author
  • Yasuhiro Kawakatsu


Akatsuki (“dawn” in Japanese) is the JAXA Venus orbiter that was scheduled to enter orbit around Venus on Dec. 7 th , 2010. Following the failure of the main engine during the orbit insertion maneuver, the spacecraft escaped Venus on a 200-day orbit around the Sun, only to return in early 2017. This paper presents the design and implementation of the recovery trajectory, which involves perihelion maneuvers to re-encounter Venus in late 2015. Relying only on the onboard propellant, the trajectory rescued the mission by (1) anticipating the beginning of the science phase within the nominal lifetime of the spacecraft, and (2) halving the Δv requirements for the orbit insertion maneuver. Several trajectories are designed with an innovative use of a technique called non-tangent V-Infinity Leveraging Transfers (VILTs). Candidate solutions are then recomputed in higher fidelity models, and one solution is finally selected for its low Δv requirements and for programmatic reasons. The results of the perihelion maneuver campaign are also presented.


Akatsuki orbiter Recovery trajectory V-Infinity Leveraging Transfers 


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Copyright information

© American Astronautical Society 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Space Flight SystemsISAS/JAXASagamiharaJapan

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