Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in the Vietnamese Elderly

  • Nhon Bui Van
  • Long Vo Hoang
  • Tung Bui Van
  • Hao Nguyen Si Anh
  • Hien Tran Minh
  • Khanh Do Nam
  • Tuan Ngo Tri
  • Pau Loke Show
  • Vu Thi NgaEmail author
  • Deepak B. Thimiri Govinda Raj
  • Dinh-Toi ChuEmail author
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Epidemiology of Hypertension



Hypertension (HT) is considered as a major determinant of cardiovascular complications. However, few studies have addressed HT prevalence among adults aged 60 years and older in the northern mountainous region of Vietnam.


To determine the prevalence of HT and its risk factors in the elderly in that area.


A cross-sectional study was conducted in a study area in the northern of Vietnam. We interviewed 354 adults aged 60 years or over who were randomly selected, and then measured their blood pressure.


The overall HT prevalence was 62.15%. The isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) prevalence was 22.88%. There was a slight decrease in the proportion of HT by stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 respectively. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated some risk factors for HT including age groups, body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) (p < 0.05). Furthermore, we also found that the risk factors of ISH was obesity status classified by BMI category and WHR (p < 0.05). In particularly, the ethnicity was statistically significantly associated with ISH.


Our data showed a high prevalence of hypertension in the elderly in studied area. The risk factors for HT and ISH among studied subjects included age groups, ethnic groups, BMI and WHR. Hence, these findings are important for policy-making related to launch public health prevention and control campaigns for hypertension among older adults in the northern mountainous region of Vietnam.


Hypertension Risk factors Older adults Northern Mountainous region Vietnam 



The authors thank the Hanoi Medical University and its hospital for supporting us to conduct this study, especially we thank the elderly in the two communes of Kim Binh and Xuan Quang who participated in this research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards


No funding was received.

Conflict of interest

All authors have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Ethical standard

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Hypertension 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Science and TechnologyHanoi Medical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public HealthHanoi Medical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  4. 4.Institute for Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDanangVietnam
  5. 5.Institute of Cancer ResearchOslo University HospitalOsloNorway
  6. 6.Faculty of BiologyHanoi National University of EducationHanoiVietnam

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