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Assessment of the Perceived Relationship Between Healthy Nutrition and Cardiovascular Diseases by the Adult Czech Population

  • Vera OlisarovaEmail author
  • Valerie Tothova
  • Lenka Sedova
  • Sylva Bartlova
  • Ivana Chloubova
  • Helena Michalkova
  • Radka Prokesova
  • Marie Treslova
Original Article
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Cardiovascular diseases constitute one of the main causes of disability and premature death. The basic pathology consists of atherosclerosis. Therefore, influencing risk factors, including nutrition, is essential for prevention.

Aim

To assess the opinion of Czech citizens, over 40 years old, on the role of nutrition as it relates to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

Methods

Data from 1992 participants were acquired using a research questionnaire administered throughout the Czech Republic from 1.4.2016–20.4.2016. The data was analyzed using the SASD program, version 1.4.12.

Results

Data analyses revealed that the age group in question still includes a great number of people who are unaware of the relationship between nutrition and development (31.8%) or progression (18.0%) of heart diseases. Rejection of the relationship was most frequently expressed by those 40–49 years of age and those that were employed. The study also found that the role of nutrition modification was more frequently discussed between patients and physicians (54.7%) than patients and nurses (38.0%). An overwhelming majority of respondents considered information related to nutrition modification useful (93.0%).

Conclusion

In order to increase the efficiency of preventive measures, the transfer of theoretical knowledge to the lay public must be accompanied by interventions aimed at information repetition, motivation, and establishment of partnerships with health care providers.

Keywords

Nutrition habits Cardiovascular diseases Risk factor Prevention Nurse 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Supported by Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, Grant No. 15-31000A. All rights reserved.

Author Contributions

Conception and design (VT, SB, LŠ, VO), data analysis and interpretation (VT, LŠ, SB, ICH, HM, RP, MT, VO), writing of the manuscript (VO, VT, LŠ, SB, MT), critical revision of the manuscript (VT, SB), finalization of the manuscript (VO).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

No conflicts of interest are declared.

Ethical standard

Authors state that the research was conducted according to ethical standards.

Funding

Supported by Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, Grant No. 15-31000A. All rights reserved.

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Hypertension 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Emergency Care, Faculty of Health and Social StudiesThe University of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Legal Branches, Management and Economics, Faculty of Health and Social StudiesThe University of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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