Hypertension Management at Older Age: An Update

  • Rita Del PintoEmail author
  • Claudio Ferri
Review Article


Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality with increasing prevalence with age, whose treatment is associated with benefits over fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events even later in life. However, there are persistent concerns on the short- and long-term weighted benefits of treating hypertension in the very old, particularly in those with specific clinical features. In fact, a broad range of clinical scenarios can be observed at older ages, spanning from the healthy to the frailest patient, and hypertension clinical trials have traditionally excluded the latter, thus preventing the unconditioned application to these patients of the same recommendations as in younger ages. Persistent issues regarding high blood pressure management in the very old adult are mainly related to treatment threshold and targets, which have been differently addressed by American and European guidelines. Herein, we will examine the challenges related to high blood pressure treatment in healthy and frail older and very old adults. We will discuss the evidence behind current recommendations. Finally, we will recapitulate the recommended treatment options for high blood pressure in these patients in the light of the most recent guidelines.


Aging Hypertension Antihypertensive agents Cardiovascular diseases Cerebrovascular diseases Frailty 


Authors contribution

CF conceived the manuscript and provided critical guidance, RDP wrote the first draft, RDP and CF edited the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards



Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Life, Health and Environmental SciencesUniversity of L’Aquila, San Salvatore HospitalL’AquilaItaly

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