High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 281–282 | Cite as

Commentary: Peripheral and Central Aortic Pressure, Wave-Derived Reflection Parameters, Local and Regional Arterial Stiffness and Structural Parameters in Children and Adolescents: Impact of Body Mass Index Variations

  • Marcelo Perim BaldoEmail author
  • Divanei A. Zaniqueli
  • José G. Mill

During the lifetime, we are exposed to several risk factors that gradually increase blood pressure (BP). This increase may be secondary to changes in both BP regulatory mechanisms or to a direct effect on structural properties of the vascular wall. The effects of these risk factors on vascular wall have been extensively studied in adults and elderly people [1, 2]. However, it is not quite clear their influence on BP levels in children and adolescents. In fact, the prevalence of high BP in this population has increased over the last decades [3]. Data on BP levels in children and adolescents are variable among different populations, and such differences have been related to different genetic background, ethnicity, nutritional status, and anthropometric variables. Analysis from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) showed that the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and salt intake are all associated to increases in BP in individuals aged 8–17 years old....


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Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathophysiologyMontes Claros State University - UNIMONTESMontes ClarosBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Physiological SciencesFederal University of Espírito SantoVitoriaBrazil

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