High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 381–386 | Cite as

Effects of a Novel Fixed Combination of Nutraceuticals on Serum Uric Acid Concentrations and the Lipid Profile in Asymptomatic Hyperuricemic Patients

Results from the PICONZ-UA Study
  • Francesco Rozza
  • Valentina Trimarco
  • Raffaele Izzo
  • Davide Grassi
  • Claudio Ferri
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction

Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is not a current indication for therapy as the definite role of serum uric acid elevation as a cardiovascular risk factor is extremely likely but still controversial.

Aim

We designed a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study to assess the effects of a combination of nutraceuticals (ZinutriK®, containing a fixed combination of kampferol, baicalin, caffeine, and rutin) on serum uric acid levels, lipid variables and the global cardiovascular risk profile.

Methods

Sixteen individuals (mean age 59.0 ± 11.9 years, 4 women) with asymptomatic hyperuricemia completed the study.

Results

ZinutriK® treatment (4 weeks) reduced serum uric acid concentrations (from 7.9 + 0.9 to 7.0 + 0.7 mg/dL) when compared to both baseline and placebo (p < 0.006 and p < 0.001, respectively). Compared to both placebo and baseline, the same fixed combination of nutraceuticals also reduced circulating LDL cholesterol and increased HDL cholesterol concentrations within 4 weeks (p < 0.001 or less), thereby improving the Framingham risk score (p < 0.001 or less). Neither minor nor major side effects were observed.

Conclusions

This study represents the first demonstration that a short-term therapy with a fixed combination of different natural substances can significantly reduce serum uric acid concentrations in asymptomatic hyperuricemic patients, with no side effects and a significant improvement in the lipid pattern and then in the global cardiovascular risk profile.

Keywords

Hyperuricemia Nutraceuticals Hyperlipidemia 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Rozza
    • 1
    • 2
  • Valentina Trimarco
    • 1
    • 3
  • Raffaele Izzo
    • 1
    • 4
  • Davide Grassi
    • 5
  • Claudio Ferri
    • 5
  1. 1.Hypertension Research Center (CIRIAPA)Federico II UniversityNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Advanced Biomedical SciencesFederico II UniversityNaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of NeurosciencesFederico II UniversityNaplesItaly
  4. 4.Department of Translational Medical SciencesFederico II UniversityNaplesItaly
  5. 5.Department of Medicine, Life and Environmental SciencesL’Aquila UniversityCoppitoItaly

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