Sports Medicine

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 641–643 | Cite as

Reply to Williams et al.: Comment on: “Equity in Physical Activity: A Misguided Goal”

  • James L. NuzzoEmail author
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor,

Williams et al. [ 1] expressed concerns about my conclusion that equity in physical activity is a misguided goal [ 2]. In this letter I would like to address their concerns.
  1. 1.

    “Equity is not about ensuring everyone is equal”


Williams et al. stated equity is not about creating equal outcomes [1]. Thus, they believe I “fundamentally misconstrued” equity because I assumed the goal of equity initiatives is to create equal physical activity rates between groups.

This critique by Williams et al. further convinces me equity advocates are unaware of the implications of their own ideas and initiatives. At every stage of an equity initiative, equality of outcome is of concern. The starting point is a cross-sectional analysis that reveals an unequal outcome [ 3], and presumably there would be no reason for advocates to propose an initiative if the outcome was already equal. This then implies the initiative’s purpose is to “close the gap” in the outcome, such that when the...


Compliance with Ethical Standards


James Nuzzo did not receive any funding related to the preparation of this letter.

Conflict of interest

James Nuzzo declares he has no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of this letter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuroscience Research AustraliaRandwickAustralia

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