Sports Medicine

, Volume 47, Issue 11, pp 2135–2142 | Cite as

Training Load Monitoring in Team Sports: A Novel Framework Separating Physiological and Biomechanical Load-Adaptation Pathways

  • Jos VanrenterghemEmail author
  • Niels Jensby Nedergaard
  • Mark A. Robinson
  • Barry Drust
Current Opinion


There have been considerable advances in monitoring training load in running-based team sports in recent years. Novel technologies nowadays offer ample opportunities to continuously monitor the activities of a player. These activities lead to internal biochemical stresses on the various physiological subsystems; however, they also cause internal mechanical stresses on the various musculoskeletal tissues. Based on the amount and periodization of these stresses, the subsystems and tissues adapt. Therefore, by monitoring external loads, one hopes to estimate internal loads to predict adaptation, through understanding the load-adaptation pathways. We propose a new theoretical framework in which physiological and biomechanical load-adaptation pathways are considered separately, shedding new light on some of the previously published evidence. We hope that it can help the various practitioners in this field (trainers, coaches, medical staff, sport scientists) to align their thoughts when considering the value of monitoring load, and that it can help researchers design experiments that can better rationalize training-load monitoring for improving performance while preventing injury.


Global Position System Team Sport Muscle Soreness Training Load Physiological Load 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with Ethical Standards


No financial support was received for the conduct of this study or preparation of this article.

Conflict of interest

Jos Vanrenterghem, Niels Nedergaard, Mark Robinson, and Barry Drust declare that they have no conflicts of interest relevant to the views shared in this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation SciencesKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Research Institute for Sport and Exercise ScienceLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK

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