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Sports Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 6, pp 823–839 | Cite as

Weightlifting Pulling Derivatives: Rationale for Implementation and Application

  • Timothy J. Suchomel
  • Paul Comfort
  • Michael H. Stone
Review Article

Abstract

This review article examines previous weightlifting literature and provides a rationale for the use of weightlifting pulling derivatives that eliminate the catch phase for athletes who are not competitive weightlifters. Practitioners should emphasize the completion of the triple extension movement during the second pull phase that is characteristic of weightlifting movements as this is likely to have the greatest transference to athletic performance that is dependent on hip, knee, and ankle extension. The clean pull, snatch pull, hang high pull, jump shrug, and mid-thigh pull are weightlifting pulling derivatives that can be used in the teaching progression of the full weightlifting movements and are thus less complex with regard to exercise technique. Previous literature suggests that the clean pull, snatch pull, hang high pull, jump shrug, and mid-thigh pull may provide a training stimulus that is as good as, if not better than, weightlifting movements that include the catch phase. Weightlifting pulling derivatives can be implemented throughout the training year, but an emphasis and de-emphasis should be used in order to meet the goals of particular training phases. When implementing weightlifting pulling derivatives, athletes must make a maximum effort, understand that pulling derivatives can be used for both technique work and building strength–power characteristics, and be coached with proper exercise technique. Future research should consider examining the effect of various loads on kinetic and kinematic characteristics of weightlifting pulling derivatives, training with full weightlifting movements as compared to training with weightlifting pulling derivatives, and how kinetic and kinematic variables vary between derivatives of the snatch.

Keywords

Training Stimulus National Collegiate Athletic Association Resistance Training Program Exercise Technique High Pull 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this review. The authors have no potential conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy J. Suchomel
    • 1
  • Paul Comfort
    • 2
  • Michael H. Stone
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Exercise and Sport SciencesCenter of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education, East Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA
  2. 2.Directorate of Sport, Exercise and PhysiotherapyUniversity of SalfordSalfordUK

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