Advertisement

Sports Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 447–448 | Cite as

Vaccination in Elite Athletes: A Call to Action to Develop Guidelines for All Infectious Diseases

  • Joao BritoEmail author
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor,

I read with interest the manuscript entitled “Vaccination in Elite Athletes” [1] recently published in Sports Medicine. Elite athletes are at high risk of infection if they travel to endemic areas of disease or if they come into direct contact with infected teammates or opponents. However, general vaccination guidelines may not always be appropriate for elite athletes, because vaccines and their side effects may impair sports performance or even disturb an athlete’s physiology. In their manuscript, Gärtner and Meyer provided detailed and clinically relevant information regarding vaccination guidelines for elite athletes. The authors should be congratulated for the outstanding review and the practical recommendations directed to athletes traveling to or from endemic regions of the globe. Unfortunately, however, not all infectious diseases are preventable by vaccination.

Malaria is one such disease that is not preventable by vaccination. It is a mosquito-borne disease caused...

Keywords

Malaria Doxycycline Endemic Area Artemisinin Mefloquine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I thank Margarida Maia for editing this manuscript. The author has no potential conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this letter.

References

  1. 1.
    Gärtner BC, Meyer T. Vaccination in elite athletes. Sports Med. 2014;44:1361–76.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Malaria. 2014. http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/index.html. Accessed 15 Sept 2014.
  3. 3.
    World Health Organization. Malaria. 2014. http://www.who.int/malaria/areas/vaccine/en/. Accessed 15 Sept 2014.
  4. 4.
    National Institutes of Health. Malaria. In: MedlinePlus. 2013. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000621.htm. Accessed 15 Sept 2014.
  5. 5.
    Jeans AK. Tropical infections in athletes: malaria, schistosomiasis and African tick bite fever. Int SportMed J. 2003;4:1–12.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bongbele J, Ewamela A, Diakoundila E, et al. Oxygen transport capacity of blood in athletes with malarial infection. Rev Mal Respir. 1998;15:57–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Waterhouse J, Drust B, Weinert D, et al. The circadian rhythm of core temperature: origin and some implications for exercise performance. Chronobiol Int. 2005;22:207–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hay S. Football fever could be a dose of dengue. Nature. 2013;503:439.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harley D, Viennet E. Football fans and fevers: dengue and the World Cup in Brazil. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014;14:543–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dengue. 2013. http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/. Accessed 20 Sept 2014.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Portuguese Football Federation, Health and Performance UnitLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations