Sports Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 337–352 | Cite as

Amateur Boxing: Physical and Physiological Attributes

  • Helmi ChaabèneEmail author
  • Montassar Tabben
  • Bessem Mkaouer
  • Emerson Franchini
  • Yassine Negra
  • Mehrez Hammami
  • Samiha Amara
  • Raja Bouguezzi Chaabène
  • Younés Hachana
Review Article


Boxing is one of the oldest combat sports. The aim of the current review is to critically analyze the amateur boxer’s physical and physiological characteristics and to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. High-level male and female boxers show a propensity for low body fat levels. Although studies on boxer somatotypes are limited, the available information shows that elite-level male boxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and a low body fat level. To help support the overall metabolic demands of a boxing match and to accelerate the recovery process between rounds, athletes of both sexes require a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness. International boxers show a high peak and mean anaerobic power output. Muscle strength in both the upper and lower limbs is paramount for a fighter’s victory and is one of the keys to success in boxing. As boxing punches are brief actions and very dynamic, high-level boxing performance requires well-developed muscle power in both the upper and lower limbs. Albeit limited, the available studies reveal that isometric strength is linked to high-level boxing performance. Future investigations into the physical and physiological attributes of boxers are required to enrich the current data set and to help create a suitable training program.


Weight Category Punch Force Muscular Power Body Mass Reduction Combat Sport 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmi Chaabène
    • 1
    Email author
  • Montassar Tabben
    • 2
  • Bessem Mkaouer
    • 4
  • Emerson Franchini
    • 3
  • Yassine Negra
    • 5
  • Mehrez Hammami
    • 5
  • Samiha Amara
    • 4
  • Raja Bouguezzi Chaabène
    • 5
  • Younés Hachana
    • 5
  1. 1.Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sports Performance Optimization”, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS)TunisTunisia
  2. 2.CETAPS EA 3832University of RouenMont Saint AignanFrance
  3. 3.Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of Sao PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Higher Institute of Sports and Physical EducationManouba UniversityTunisTunisia
  5. 5.Research Unit “Sport Performance and Health” Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar SaidTunisTunisia

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