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Pediatric Drugs

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 83–91 | Cite as

Bipolar Depression in Pediatric Populations

Epidemiology and Management
  • Victoria E. Cosgrove
  • Donna Roybal
  • Kiki D. Chang
Therapy in Practice

Abstract

Depression in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder is more commonly observed than mania or hypomania, and is associated with significant functional disability in multiple environmental realms. Optimal management of pediatric bipolar depression is often defined by its multimodal nature with emphasis on both psychopharmacological and psychosocial treatment. This article provides a brief overview of the epidemiology and clinical course of pediatric bipolar depression, a clinically-oriented guide to the evidence-based psychopharmacological and psychosocial management of bipolar depression in youth, and suggestions on how best to integrate medication and therapy. Recommended treatment for bipolar depression in pediatric populations usually includes both medication and psychosocial interventions given a paucity of double-blind, placebo-controlled psychopharmacological studies. Lithium and lamotrigine are feasible and tentatively efficacious options; however, treatment with quetiapine monotherapy may be no better than placebo. Furthermore, some youth may be at heightened risk for developing manic symptoms after treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Psychotherapy, either alone or adjunctively with medications, provides practitioners with a safe and feasible alternative. Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy for Adolescents (IPSRT-A), Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents (DBT-A), family psychoeducation, and Family Focused Therapy for Adolescents (FFT-A) are evidence-based treatments available to clinicians treating youth with bipolar depression.

Keywords

Depressive Symptom Bipolar Disorder Lamotrigine Quetiapine Dialectical Behavior Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Drs. Cosgrove and Roybal report no conflicts of interest.

Dr. Chang is a consultant for GlaxoSmithKline, Eli Lilly and Company, Merck, and Bristol-Myers Squibb; receives research support from GlaxoSmithKline, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Depression.

Preparation of this review was supported by Dr. Cosgrove’s Fellowship from the Veteran’s Administration War-Related Illness and Injury Study Center (WRIISC) as well as a Pilot Early Career Grant from the Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health, on which Dr. Cosgrove is the principal investigator.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria E. Cosgrove
    • 1
  • Donna Roybal
    • 1
  • Kiki D. Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric Bipolar Disorders Program, Division of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryStanford University School of MedicinePalo AltoUSA

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