Drugs & Therapy Perspectives

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 386–391 | Cite as

Prediction of cardiovascular risk in a rural Indian population using WHO/ISH risk prediction charts: a community-based cross-sectional study

  • B. R. Venkhat Balaji
  • M. G. Rajanandh
  • N. Udayakumar
  • P. Seenivasan
Original Research Article



The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk can be predicted using World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) risk prediction charts in heterogeneous settings. The study aimed to estimate the risk of CVD in a rural village in Tamil Nadu, India.


A cross-sectional study was conducted in a village using healthcare services provided by the Sri Ramachandra Medical College. Human institutional ethics committee approval was obtained. The required data were collected in a specially designed data collection form. WHO/ISH risk prediction charts for the South-East Asian region were used to calculate the CVD risk among the study subjects.


A total of 432 participants aged > 40 years were included in the study. The majority of participants were female, illiterate, semi-skilled/unemployed and of upper-lower/lower socioeconomic status (SES). Of the 432 participants, 80.32% had a low risk, 13.42% had a moderate risk and 6.25% had a high risk of CVD. Significant differences were observed between the risk groups with respect to waist circumference, smoking status and SES (p < 0.05).


Only 6% of the population had a high risk of CVD based on WHO/ISH risk scores. The present study reports a low burden of CVD risk in rural Tamil Nadu.



M.G. Rajanandh is thankful to Prof. S.P. Thyagarajan, Professor of Eminence and Dean Research, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Deemed University, Chennai for his guidance and motivation of research. The authors would like to thank A. Divya and R.K. Divyasree (PharmD Interns, 2017) and G. Revathy (Pharmacist at Vayalanallur) for their help in data collection.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest regarding the content of this article.


Venkhat Balaji B.R. received a grant under the Chancellor’s Summer Research Fellowships for Under Graduate Students for the year 2016 from Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Deemed to be University.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. R. Venkhat Balaji
    • 1
  • M. G. Rajanandh
    • 1
  • N. Udayakumar
    • 2
  • P. Seenivasan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of PharmacySri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Deemed to be UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PaediatricsSri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Deemed to be UniversityChennaiIndia

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