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Drugs & Aging

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 199–204 | Cite as

Pharmacist-Led Home Medicines Review and Residential Medication Management Review: The Australian Model

  • Timothy F. Chen
Review Article

Abstract

Older people are often prescribed multiple medicines and have a high prevalence of polypharmacy. Polypharmacy is associated with an increased risk of inappropriate use of medicines and drug-related problems. As experts in pharmacotherapy, pharmacists are well placed to review complex medication regimens and identify causes of drug-related problems and recommend solutions to prevent or resolve them. Involvement in medication review services represents a major philosophical shift and paradigm change in the way pharmacists practice, in that the focus is shifted away from the dispensing of prescription medicines to the provision of a professional service for a patient, in collaboration with their general practitioner (GP). In Australia, there are two established medication review programs: Home Medicines Review (HMR) and Residential Medication Management Review (RMMR). The objectives of this article were to describe the process of government-funded medication review services in Australia and to evaluate the contribution of pharmacists to HMR and RMMR, using evidence-based measures, such as the Drug Burden Index (DBI) and the Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI). This review found that there is good evidence to support the role of pharmacists in delivering medication review services across different settings. Although the positive impact of such services has been demonstrated using a variety of validated measures (DBI, MAI), there remains a need to also evaluate actual clinical outcomes and/or patient-reported outcomes.

Keywords

Medication Review Aged Care Facility Home Medicine Review Drug Burden Index Medication Appropriateness Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The European Society of Clinical Pharmacy is greatly acknowledged for organizing and holding their 42nd conference, at which the content of this manuscript was presented.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

No funding was received for the writing of this manuscript.

Conflicts of interest

The author has no conflicts of interest relating to the content of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PharmacyThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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