, Volume 76, Issue 14, pp 1349–1364 | Cite as

Androgenetic Alopecia: An Update of Treatment Options

  • Yanna KellyEmail author
  • Aline Blanco
  • Antonella Tosti
Review Article


Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is characterized by a non-scarring progressive miniaturization of the hair follicle in predisposed men and women with a pattern distribution. Although AGA is a very prevalent condition, approved therapeutic options are limited. This article discusses the current treatment alternatives including their efficacy, safety profile, and quality of evidence. Finasteride and minoxidil for male androgenetic alopecia and minoxidil for female androgenetic alopecia still are the therapeutic options with the highest level evidence. The role of antiandrogens for female patients, the importance of adjuvant therapies, as well as new drugs and procedures are also addressed.


Finasteride Latanoprost Hair Growth Flutamide Minoxidil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Compliance with Ethical Standards


The authors did not receive funding to develop this article.

Conflicts of interest

Yanna Kelly, MD and Aline Blanco, MD have no conflicts of interest. Antonella Tosti, MD has the following conflicts of interest: served on advisory boards for Khytera, Incyte, and Aclaris; acted as a consultant for P&G, DS Laboratories, and Polichem; and received royalties from Springer/Verlag and Taylor&Francis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyHospital do Servidor Publico Municipal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyUniversidade Federal do Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  5. 5.São PauloBrazil

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