, Volume 74, Issue 16, pp 1871–1889 | Cite as

Patient-Centered Pharmaceutical Design to Improve Acceptability of Medicines: Similarities and Differences in Paediatric and Geriatric Populations

  • Fang LiuEmail author
  • Sejal Ranmal
  • Hannah K. Batchelor
  • Mine Orlu-Gul
  • Terry B. Ernest
  • Iwan W. Thomas
  • Talia Flanagan
  • Catherine Tuleu
Review Article


Patient acceptability of a medicinal product is a key aspect in the development and prescribing of medicines. Children and older adults differ in many aspects from the other age subsets of population and require particular considerations in medication acceptability. This review highlights the similarities and differences in these two age groups in relation to factors affecting acceptability of medicines. New and conventional formulations of medicines are considered regarding their appropriateness for use in children and older people. Aspects of a formulation that impact acceptability in these patient groups are discussed, including, for example, taste/smell/viscosity of a liquid and size/shape of a tablet. A better understanding of the acceptability of existing formulations highlights opportunities for the development of new and more acceptable medicines and facilitates safe and effective prescribing for the young and older populations.


Dosage Form Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Solid Dosage Form Sour Taste Chewable Tablet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

40265_2014_297_MOESM1_ESM.docx (36 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 35 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Fang Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sejal Ranmal
    • 2
  • Hannah K. Batchelor
    • 3
  • Mine Orlu-Gul
    • 2
  • Terry B. Ernest
    • 4
  • Iwan W. Thomas
    • 5
  • Talia Flanagan
    • 6
  • Catherine Tuleu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacy, School of Life and Medical SciencesUniversity of HertfordshireHatfieldUK
  2. 2.Department of PharmaceuticsUCL School of Pharmacy, University College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental SciencesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  4. 4.GlaxoSmithKlineHarlowUK
  5. 5.Piramal Healthcare UK LtdMorpethUK
  6. 6.Pharmaceutical Development, AstraZenecaMacclesfieldUK

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