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CNS Drugs

, Volume 33, Issue 11, pp 1101–1112 | Cite as

The Potential Therapeutic Capacity of Inhibiting the Brain Renin–Angiotensin System in the Treatment of Co-Morbid Conditions in Epilepsy

  • Natasha IvanovaEmail author
  • Jana Tchekalarova
Review Article

Abstract

Epilepsy is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases and although numerous novel anticonvulsants have been approved, the proportion of patients who are refractory to medical treatment of seizures and have progressive co-morbidities such as cognitive impairment and depression remains at about 20–30%. In the last decade, extensive research has identified a therapeutic capacity of the components of the brain renin–angiotensin system (RAS) in seizure- and epilepsy-related phenomena. Alleviating the activity of RAS in the central nervous system is considered to be a potential adjuvant strategy for the treatment of numerous detrimental consequences of epileptogenesis. One of the main advantages of RAS is associated with its modulatory influence on different neurotransmitter systems, thereby exerting a fine-tuning control mechanism for brain excitability. The most recent scientific findings regarding the involvement of the components of brain RAS show that angiotensin II (Ang II), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), Ang II type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors are involved in the control of epilepsy and its accompanying complications, and therefore they are currently of therapeutic interest in the treatment of this disease. However, data on the role of different components of brain RAS on co-morbid conditions in epilepsy, including hypertension, are insufficient. Experimental and clinical findings related to the involvement of Ang II, ACE, AT1, and AT2 receptors in the control of epilepsy and accompanying complications may point to new therapeutic opportunities and adjuvants for the treatment of common co-morbid conditions of epilepsy.

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

No financial support was received for the publication of this review.

Conflict of interest

Natasha Ivanova and Jana Tchekalarova declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of NeurobiologyBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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