American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 461–471 | Cite as

Cutaneous Adverse Events to Type I BRAF Inhibitors: An Analysis of Effects Associated with Each Inhibitor and Therapeutic Time Interval to Onset

Review Article


The treatment of malignant melanoma with inhibitors targeting the BRAF V600E mutation has demonstrated dramatic clinical and radiographic response with improved progression-free and overall survival in the majority of patients receiving treatment. However, cutaneous adverse effects—from proliferative processes to more classic drug side effects—are increasingly being reported in patients on BRAF inhibitors. In this comprehensive literature review we provide (1) an all-inclusive list of cutaneous adverse effects associated with selective class I RAF inhibitors, (2) specific adverse effects associated with each inhibitor, and (3) the therapeutic time interval associated with the onset of all reported lesion types. Twenty-two studies reporting cutaneous adverse reactions with selective class I RAF inhibitor therapy were retrieved from PubMed and sourced from relevant articles referenced by other papers. We identified over 45 differently described lesion types, corresponding to close to 2,000 cases. The most commonly reported lesion types in order of decreasing frequency include inflammatory dermatoses, benign lesions, malignant lesions, and hair/nail-related abnormalities. For the most part, the terminologies used in the original studies were retained. Case totals and time-to-lesion onset are presented for every group, and where available, for individual lesion types, by associated BRAF inhibitor.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dermatopathology Section, Department of DermatologyBoston University School MedicineBostonUSA

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